Author | Hale, Jack K. author |
---|---|

Title | Theory of Functional Differential Equations [electronic resource] / by Jack K. Hale |

Imprint | New York, NY : Springer New York, 1977 |

Edition | 2 |

Connect to | http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-9892-2 |

Descript | X, 366 p. online resource |

SUMMARY

Since the publication of my lecture notes, Functional Differential Equations in the Applied Mathematical Sciences series, many new developments have occurred. As a consequence, it was decided not to make a few corrections and additions for a second edition of those notes, but to present a more compreยญ hensive theory. The present work attempts to consolidate those elements of the theory which have stabilized and also to include recent directions of research. The following chapters were not discussed in my original notes. Chapter 1 is an elementary presentation of linear differential difference equations with constant coefficients of retarded and neutral type. Chapter 4 develops the recent theory of dissipative systems. Chapter 9 is a new chapter on perturbed systems. Chapter 11 is a new presentation incorporating recent results on the existence of periodic solutions of autonomous equations. Chapter 12 is devoted entirely to neutral equations. Chapter 13 gives an introduction to the global and generic theory. There is also an appendix on the location of the zeros of characteristic polynomials. The remainder of the material has been completely revised and updated with the most significant changes occurring in Chapter 3 on the properties of solutions, Chapter 5 on stability, and Chapter lOon behavior near a periodic orbit

CONTENT

1 Linear differential difference equations -- 1.1 Differential and difference equations -- 1.2 Retarded differential difference equations -- 1.3 Exponential estimates of x(?, f) -- 1.4 The characteristic equation -- 1.5 The fundamental solution -- 1.6 The variation-of-constants formula -- 1.7 Neutral differential difference equations -- 1.8 Supplementary remarks -- 2 Retarded functional differential equations : basic theory -- 2.1 Definition -- 2.2 Existence, uniqueness, and continuous dependence -- 2.3 Continuation of solutions -- 2.4 Differentiability of solutions -- 2.5 Backward continuation -- 2.6 Caratheodory conditions -- 2.7 Supplementary remarks -- 3 Properties of the solution map -- 3.1 Finite- or infinite-dimensional problem? -- 3.2 Equivalence classes of solutions -- 3.3 Exponential decrease for linear systems -- 3.4 Unique backward extensions -- 3.5 Range in ?n -- 3.6 Compactness and representation -- 3.7 Supplementary remarks -- 4 Autonomous and periodic processes -- 4.1 Processes -- 4.2 Invariance -- 4.3 Discrete systemsโ{128}{148}maximal compact invariant sets -- 4.4 Fixed points of discrete dissipative processes -- 4.5 Stability and maximal invariant sets in processes -- 4.6 Periodic trajectories of ?-periodic processes -- 4.7 Convergent systems -- 4.8 Supplementary remarks -- 5 Stability theory -- 5.1 Definitions -- 5.2 The method of Liapunov functional -- 5.3 Liapunov functional for autonomous systems -- 5.4 Razumikhin-type theorems -- 5.5 Supplementary remarks -- 6 General linear systems -- 6.1 Global existence and exponential estimates -- 6.2 Variation-of-constants formula -- 6.3 The formal adjoint equation -- 6.4 The true adjoint -- 6.5 Boundary-value problems -- 6.6 Stability and boundedness -- 6.7 Supplementary remarks -- 7 Linear autonomous equations -- 7.1 The semigroup and infinitesimal generator -- 7.2 Spectrum of the generator-decomposition of C -- 7.3 Decomposing C with the formal adjoint equation -- 7.4 Estimates on the complementary subspace -- 7.5 An example -- 7.6 The decomposition in the variation-of-constants formula -- 7.7 Supplementary remarks -- 8 Linear periodic systems -- 8.1 General theory -- 8.2 Decomposition -- 8.3 Supplementary remarks -- 9 Perturbed linear systems -- 9.1 Forced linear systems -- 9.2 Bounded, almost-periodic, and periodic solutions; stable and unstable manifolds -- 9.3 Periodic solutionsโ{128}{148}critical cases -- 9.4 Averaging -- 9.5 Asymptotic behavior -- 9.6 Boundary-value problems -- 9.7 Supplementary remarks -- 10 Behavior near equilibrium and periodic orbits for autonomous equations -- 10.1 The saddle-point property near equilibrium -- 10.2 Nondegenerate periodic orbits -- 10.3 Hyperbolic periodic orbits -- 10.4 Supplementary remarks -- 11 Periodic solutions of autonomous equations -- 11.1 Hopf bifurcation -- 11.2 A periodicity theorem -- 11.3 Range of the period -- 11.4 The equation $$\dot x(t) = - \alpha x(t - 1)[1 + x(t)]$$ -- 11.5 The equation $$\dot x(t) = - \alpha x(t - 1)[1 - {x̂2}(t)]$$ -- 11.6 The equation $$\ddot x(t) + f(x(t))\dot x(t) + g(x(t - r)) = 0$$ -- 11.7 Supplementary remarks -- 12 Equations of neutral type -- 12.1 Definition of a neutral equation -- 12.2 Fundamental properties -- 12.3 Linear autonomous D operators -- 12.4 Stable D operators -- 12.5 Strongly stable D operators -- 12.6 Properties of equations with stable D operators -- 12.7 Stability theory -- 12.8 General linear equations -- 12.9 Stability of autonomous perturbed linear systems -- 12.10 Linear autonomous and periodic equations -- 12.11 Nonhomogeneous linear equations -- 12.12 Supplementary remarks -- 13 Global theory -- 13.1 Generic properties of retarded equations -- 13.2 The set of global solutions -- 13.3 Equations on manifolds : definitions -- 13.4 Retraded equations on compact manifolds -- 13.5 Further properties of the attractor -- 13.6 Supplementary remarks -- Appendix Stability of characteristic equations

Mathematics
Mathematical analysis
Analysis (Mathematics)
Mathematics
Analysis