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AuthorKiselev, Sergey P. author
TitleFoundations of Fluid Mechanics with Applications [electronic resource] : Problem Solving Using Mathematicaยฎ / by Sergey P. Kiselev, Evgenii V. Vorozhtsov, Vasily M. Fomin
ImprintBoston, MA : Birkhรคuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhรคuser, 1999
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-1572-1
Descript XIV, 575 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Fluid mechanics (FM) is a branch of science dealing with the investiยญ gation of flows of continua under the action of external forces. The fundamentals of FM were laid in the works of the famous scientists, such as L. Euler, M. V. Lomonosov, D. Bernoulli, J. L. Lagrange, A. Cauchy, L. Navier, S. D. Poisson, and other classics of science. Fluid mechanics underwent a rapid development during the past two centuries, and it now includes, along with the above branches, aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, rarefied gas dynamics, mechanics of multi phase and reactive media, etc. The FM application domains were expanded, and new investigation methods were developed. Certain concepts introduced by the classics of science, however, are still of primary importance and will apparently be of importance in the future. The Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions of a continuum, tensors of strains and stresses, conservation laws for mass, momentum, moment of momentum, and energy are the examples of such concepts and results. This list should be augmented by the first and second laws of thermodynamics, which determine the character and direction of processes at a given point of a continuum. The availability of the conservation laws is conditioned by the homogeneity and isotropยญ icity properties of the Euclidean space, and the form of these laws is related to the Newton's laws. The laws of thermodynamics have their foundation in the statistical physics


CONTENT

1 Definitions of Continuum Mechanics -- 1.1 Vectors and Tensors -- 1.2 Eulerian and Lagrangian Description of a Continuum: Strain Tensor -- 1.3 Stress Tensor -- References -- 2 Fundamental Principles and Laws of Continuum Mechanics -- 2.1 Equations of Continuity, Motion, and Energy for a Continuum -- 2.2 The Hamiltonโ{128}{148}Ostrogradskyโ{128}{153}s Variational Principle in Continuum Mechanics -- 2.3 Conservation Laws for Energy and Momentum in Continuum Mechanics -- References -- 3 The Features of the Solutions of Continuum Mechanics Problems -- 3.1 Similarity and Dimension Theory in Continuum Mechanics -- 3.2 The Characteristics of Partial Differential Equations. -- 3.3 Discontinuity Surfaces in Continuum Mechanics -- References -- 4 Ideal Fluid -- 4.1 Integrals of Motion Equations of Ideal Fluid and Gas -- 4.2 Planar Irrotational Steady Motions of an Ideal Incompressible Fluid -- 4.3 Axisymmetric and Three-Dimensional Potential Ideal Incompressible Fluid Flows -- 4.4 Nonstationary Motion of a Solid in the Fluid -- 4.5 Vortical Motions of Ideal Fluid -- References -- 5 Viscous Fluid -- 5.1 General Equations of Viscous Incompressible Fluid -- 5.2 Viscous Fluid Flows at Small Reynolds Numbers -- 5.3 Viscous Fluid Flows at Large Reynolds Numbers -- 5.4 Turbulent Fluid Flows -- References -- 6 Gas Dynamics -- 6.1 One-Dimensional Stationary Gas Flows -- 6.2 Nonstationary One-Dimensional Flows of Ideal Gas -- 6.3 Planar Irrotational Ideal Gas Motion (Linear Approximation) -- 6.4 Planar Irrotational Stationary Ideal Gas Flow (General Case) -- 6.5 The Fundamentals of the Gasdynamic Design Technology -- References -- 7 Multiphase Media -- 7.1 Mathematical Models of Multiphase Media -- 7.2 Correctness of the Cauchy Problem: Relations at Discontinuities in Multiphase Media -- 7.3 Quasi-One-Dimensional Flows of a Gas-Particle Mixture in Laval Nozzles -- 7.4 The Continual-Discrete Model and Caustics in the Pseudogas of Particles -- 7.5 Nonstationary Processes in Gas-Particle Mixtures -- 7.6 The Flows of Heterogeneous Media without Regard for Inertial Effects -- 7.7 Wave Processes in Bubbly Liquids -- References -- Appendix B: Glossary of Programs


Engineering Applied mathematics Engineering mathematics Fluid mechanics Engineering Engineering Fluid Dynamics Engineering general Appl.Mathematics/Computational Methods of Engineering



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