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AuthorGhil, M. author
TitleTopics in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Atmospheric Dynamics, Dynamo Theory, and Climate Dynamics [electronic resource] / by M. Ghil, S. Childress
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer, 1987
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-1052-8
Descript XV, 512 p. online resource

SUMMARY

The vigorous stirring of a cup of tea gives rise, as we all know, to interesting fluid dynamical phenomena, some of which are very hard to explain. In this book our "cup of tea" contains the currents of the Earth's atmosphere, oceans, mantle, and fluid core. Our goal is to underยญ stand the basic physical processes which are most important in describing what we observe, directly or indirectly, in these complex systems. While in many respects our understanding is measured by the ability to predict, the focus here will be on relatively simple models which can aid our physical intuition by suggesting useful mathematical methods of investigaยญ tion. These elementary models can be viewed as part of a hierarchy of models of increasing complexity, moving toward those which might be useยญ fully predictive. The discussion in this book will deal primarily with the Earth. Interplanetary probes of Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn have revealed many exciting phenomena which bear on geophysical fluid dynamics. They have also enabled us to see the effect of changing the values of certain parameters, such as gravity and rotation rate, on geophysical flows. On the other hand, satellite observations of our own planet on a daily and hourly basis have turned it into a unique laboratory for the study of fluid motions on a scale never dreamt of before: the motion of cyclones can be observed via satellite just as wing tip vortices are studied in a wind tunnel


CONTENT

I. Fundamentals -- 1. Effects of Rotation -- 2. Effects of Shallowness -- 3. The Quase-Geostrophic Approximation -- II. Large-Scale Atmospheric Dynamics -- 4. Effects of Stratification Baroclinic Instability -- 5. Changing Flow Patterns and Successive Bifurcations -- 6. Persistent Anomalies, Blocking and Predictability -- III. Dynamo Theory -- 7. Models of Geomagnetism: A Survey -- 8. Kinematic Dynamo Theory -- 9. The Hydrodynamic Basis of Geomagnetism -- IV. Theoretical Climate Dynamics -- 10. Radiation Balance and Equilibrium Models -- 11. Glaciation Cycles: Phenomenology and Slow Processes -- 12. Climatic Oscillators -- References


Physics Physics Theoretical Mathematical and Computational Physics



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