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AuthorLoeb, Arthur L. author
TitleSpace Structures [electronic resource] / by Arthur L. Loeb
ImprintBoston, MA : Birkhรคuser Boston : Imprint: Birkhรคuser, 1991
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-0437-4
Descript XX, 188 p. online resource

SUMMARY

xiv aggregates: this touches on the very nature of things. The concept of statistical symmetry which Loeb develops is particularly important, it emphasizes the limitations in seemingly random aggregates and for permits general statements of which the crystallographer's symยญ metries are only special cases. The reductionist and holistic approaches to the world have been at war with each other since the times of the Greek philosophers and before. In nature, parts clearly do fit together into real structures, and the parts are affected by their environment. The problem is one of understanding. The mystery that remains lies largely in the nature of structural hierarchy, for the human mind can examine nature on many different scales sequentially but not simultaneously. Arthur Loeb's monograph is a fundamental one, but one can sense a develยญ opment from the relations between his zero-and three-dimensional cells to the far more complex world of organisms and concepts. It is structure that makes the difference between a cornfield and a cake, between an aggregate of cells and a human being, between a random group of human beings and a society. We can perceive anything only when we perceive its structure, and we think by structural analogy and comparison. Several books have been published showing the beauty of form in nature. This one has the beauty of a work of art, but it grows out of rigorous mathematics and from the simplest of bases-dimensionalยญ ity, extent and valency


CONTENT

1. The Parameters of Structure -- 2. Valencies -- 3. The Euler-Schlaefli Equation -- 4. Statistical Symmetry -- 5. Random Two-dimensional Nets -- 6. Degrees of Freedom -- 7. Duality -- 8. Schlegel Diagrams -- 9. Regular Structures -- 10. Truncation and Stellation -- 11. Stellation and Truncation -- 12. Exhaustive Enumeration of the Semiregular Two-dimensional Structures -- 13. Dirichlet Domains in a Plane -- 14. Dirichlet Domains of Regularly Spaced Planar Arrays -- 15. Lattices and Lattice Complexes -- 16. Space-filling Polyhedra -- 17. Additional Space Fillers and their Lattice Complexes -- 18. Orthorhombic and Tetragonal Lattices -- Coda: Unwrapping the Cube: A Photographic Essay with technical assistance of C. TODD STUART and photography by BRUCE ANDERSON


Mathematics Applied mathematics Engineering mathematics Visualization Physics Mathematics Visualization Mathematical Methods in Physics Applications of Mathematics



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