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AuthorEvans, Gwynne A. author
TitleNumerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations [electronic resource] / by Gwynne A. Evans, Jonathan M. Blackledge, Peter D. Yardley
ImprintLondon : Springer London : Imprint: Springer, 2000
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Descript XII, 290 p. online resource


The subject of partial differential equations holds an exciting and special position in mathematics. Partial differential equations were not consciously created as a subject but emerged in the 18th century as ordinary differential equations failed to describe the physical principles being studied. The subject was originally developed by the major names of mathematics, in particular, Leonard Euler and Joseph-Louis Lagrange who studied waves on strings; Daniel Bernoulli and Euler who considered potential theory, with later developments by Adrien-Marie Legendre and Pierre-Simon Laplace; and Joseph Fourier's famous work on series expansions for the heat equation. Many of the greatest advances in modern science have been based on discovering the underlying partial differential equation for the process in question. James Clerk Maxwell, for example, put electricity and magnetism into a unified theory by establishing Maxwell's equations for electromagnetic theory, which gave solutions for probยญ lems in radio wave propagation, the diffraction of light and X-ray developments. Schrodinger's equation for quantum mechanical processes at the atomic level leads to experimentally verifiable results which have changed the face of atomic physics and chemistry in the 20th century. In fluid mechanics, the Navierยญ Stokes' equations form a basis for huge number-crunching activities associated with such widely disparate topics as weather forecasting and the design of supersonic aircraft. Inevitably the study of partial differential equations is a large undertaking, and falls into several areas of mathematics


1. Background Mathematics -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Vector and Matrix Norms -- 1.3 Gerschgorinโ{128}{153}s Theorems -- 1.4 Iterative Solution of Linear Algebraic Equations -- 1.5 Further Results on Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors -- 1.6 Classification of Second Order Partial Differential Equations -- 2. Finite Differences and Parabolic Equations -- 2.1 Finite Difference Approximations to Derivatives -- 2.2 Parabolic Equations -- 2.3 Local Truncation Error -- 2.4 Consistency -- 2.5 Convergence -- 2.6 Stability -- 2.7 The Crank-Nicolson Implicit Method -- 2.8 Parabolic Equations in Cylindrical and Spherical Polar Coordinates -- 3. Hyperbolic Equations and Characteristics -- 3.1 First Order Quasi-linear Equations -- 3.2 Lax-Wendroff and Wendroff Methods -- 3.3 Second Order Quasi-linear Hyperbolic Equations -- 3.4 Reetangular Nets and Finite Difference Methods for Second Order Hyperbolic Equations -- 4. Elliptic Equations -- 4.1 Laplaceโ{128}{153}s Equation -- 4.2 Curved Boundaries -- 4.3 Solution of Sparse Systems of Linear Equations -- 5. Finite Element Method for Ordinary Differential Equations -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 The Collocation Method -- 5.3 The Least Squares Method -- 5.4 The Galerkin Method -- 5.5 Symmetrie Variational Forrnulation -- 5.6 Finite Element Method -- 5.7 Some Worked Examples -- 6. Finite Elements for Partial Differential Equations -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Variational Methods -- 6.3 Some Specific Elements -- 6.4 Assembly of the Elements -- 6.5 Worked Example -- 6.6 A General Variational Principle -- 6.7 Assembly and Solution -- 6.8 Solution of the Worked Example -- 6.9 Further Interpolation Functions -- 6.10 Quadrature Methods and Storage Considerations -- 6.11 Boundary Element Method -- A. Solutions to Exercises -- References and Further Reading

Mathematics Mathematical analysis Analysis (Mathematics) Numerical analysis Mathematics Numerical Analysis Analysis


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