Author | Ribenboim, Paulo. author |
---|---|

Title | Classical Theory of Algebraic Numbers [electronic resource] / by Paulo Ribenboim |

Imprint | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer, 2001 |

Connect to | http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-21690-4 |

Descript | XXIV, 682 p. online resource |

SUMMARY

Gauss created the theory of binary quadratic forms in "Disquisitiones Arithmeticae" and Kummer invented ideals and the theory of cyclotomic fields in his attempt to prove Fermat's Last Theorem. These were the starting points for the theory of algebraic numbers, developed in the classical papers of Dedekind, Dirichlet, Eisenstein, Hermite and many others. This theory, enriched with more recent contributions, is of basic importance in the study of diophantine equations and arithmetic algebraic geometry, including methods in cryptography. This book has a clear and thorough exposition of the classical theory of algebraic numbers, and contains a large number of exercises as well as worked out numerical examples. The Introduction is a recapitulation of results about principal ideal domains, unique factorization domains and commutative fields. Part One is devoted to residue classes and quadratic residues. In Part Two one finds the study of algebraic integers, ideals, units, class numbers, the theory of decomposition, inertia and ramification of ideals. Part Three is devoted to Kummer's theory of cyclomatic fields, and includes Bernoulli numbers and the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem for regular prime exponents. Finally, in Part Four, the emphasis is on analytical methods and it includes Dinchlet's Theorem on primes in arithmetic progressions, the theorem of Chebotarev and class number formulas. A careful study of this book will provide a solid background to the learning of more recent topics

CONTENT

Unique Factorization Domains, Ideals, and Principal Ideal Domains -- Commutative Fields -- One -- Residue Classes -- Quadratic Residues -- Two -- Algebraic Integers -- Integral Basis, Discriminant -- The Decomposition of Ideals -- The Norm and Classes of Ideals -- Estimates for the Discriminant -- Units -- Extension of Ideals -- Algebraic Interlude -- The Relative Trace, Norm, Discriminant, and Different -- The Decomposition of Prime Ideals in Galois Extensions -- The Fundamental Theorem of Abelian Extensions -- Complements and Miscellaneous Numerical Examples -- Three -- Local Methods for Cyclotomic Fields -- Bernoulli Numbers -- Fermatโ{128}{153}s Last Theorem for Regular Prime Exponents -- More on Cyclotomic Extensions -- Four -- Characters and Gaussian Sums -- Zeta-Functions and L-Series -- The Dedekind Zeta-Function -- Primes in Arithmetic Progressions -- The Frobenius Automorphism and the Splitting of Prime Ideals -- Class Numbers of Quadratic Fields -- Class Number of Cyclotomic Fields -- Miscellaneous Results About the Class Number of Quadratic Fields -- Miscellaneous Results About the Class Number of Cyclotomic Fields

Mathematics
Algebra
Number theory
Mathematics
Number Theory
Algebra