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TitleQuantifiers: Logics, Models and Computation [electronic resource] : Volume Two: Contributions / edited by Michaล{130} Krynicki, Marcin Mostowski, Lesล{130}aw W. Szczerba
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1995
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Descript IX, 278 p. online resource


This volume contains a collection of research papers centered around the concept of quantifier. Recently this concept has become the central point of research in logic. It is one of the important logical concepts whose exact domain and applications have so far been insufficiently explored, especially in the area of inferential and semantic properties of languages. It should thus remain the central point of research in the future. Moreover, during the last twenty years generalized quantifiers and logical technics based on them have proved their utility in various applications. The example of natuยญ rallanguage semantics has been partcularly striking. For a long time it has been belived that elementary logic also called first-order logic was an adeยญ quate theory of logical forms of natural language sentences. Recently it has been accepted that semantics of many natural language constructions canยญ not be properly represented in elementary logic. It has turned out, however, that they can be described by means of generalized quantifiers. As far as computational applications oflogic are concerned, particulary interesting are semantics restricted to finite models. Under this restriction elementary logic looses several of its advantages such as axiomatizability and compactness. And for various purposes we can use equally well some semantically richer languages of which generalized quantifiers offer the most universal methods of describing extensions of elementary logic. Moreover we can look at generalized quantifiers as an explication of some specific mathematical concepts, e. g


to Volume II -- Quantifiers and Inference -- Operators on Branched Quantifiers -- Hilbertโ{128}{153}s ?-Symbol in the Presence of Generalized Quantifiers -- Partially Ordered Connectives and Finite Graphs -- Theories of Finitely Determinate Linear Orderings in Stationary Logic -- Definable Second-Order Quantifiers and Quasivarieties -- Quantifiers Determined by Classes of Binary Relations -- Decidability Results for Classes of Ordered Abelian Groups in Logics with Ramsey-Quantifiers -- On the Eliminability of the Quantifier โ{128}{156}There Exists Uncountably Manyโ{128}{157} -- Quantifiers Definable by Second Order Means -- Generalized Quantifiers in Algebra -- On Ordering of the Family of Logics with Skolem-Lรถwenheim Property and Countable Compactness Property -- Pre-Ordered Quantifiers in Elementary Sentences of Natural Language -- Some Remarks on Zawadowskyโ{128}{153}s Theory of Preordered Quantifiers -- Index of Names -- Table of Contents to Volume I

Philosophy Logic Computers Mathematical logic Semantics Philosophy Logic Semantics Mathematical Logic and Foundations Theory of Computation


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