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TitleCultural Heritage and Aerobiology [electronic resource] : Methods and Measurement Techniques for Biodeterioration Monitoring / edited by Paolo Mandrioli, Giulia Caneva, Cristina Sabbioni
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 2003
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-0185-3
Descript XIV, 243 p. 56 illus., 8 illus. in color. online resource

SUMMARY

Aerobiology is the science that studies the biological component of the atmosphere and its effects on living systems and on the environment. This term was used for the first time in 1935, but the attention of scientists to the biological component of the atmosphere goes back to 1769, when the Italian biologist Spallanzani carried out a series of experiments that disproved the concept of spontaneous generation of life and proved the presence of viable microorganisms in the air. Aerobiology has marked characteristics of interdisciplinarity: its application fields range from respiratory diseases to the airborne outbreak of animal and vegetal diseases and to the biodegradation of substances and materials. The latter is the subject of this book. The purpose of aerobiological research applied to the conservation of cultural heritage is to evaluate the risk of alteration by airborne microorganisms of materials forming artefacts of historical, artistic and archaeological interest. Airborne spores and vegetative structures may develop on different substrates and may be a cause of degradation, in relation to the types of materials, the microclimatic situation and the pollution of the conservation environments. The qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the biological component of air, performed by means of targeted analysis campaigns, and of the characteristics of materials and environments, supplies indispensable information for the evaluation of the actual risk and the planning of interventions. This book is divided into four main parts


CONTENT

1. Introduction to Biodeterioration and Human Health -- 1 The Biological Aerosol as a Factor of Biodeterioration -- 2 Pathogenic Microorganisms and Situations of Risk to Man -- 2. Environmental Measurements for Aerobiological Monitoring -- 3 Measurement of Environmental Physical Parameters -- 4 Chemical Parameters and Development of Biodeteriogens -- 3. Methods and Measurement Techniques for Aerobiological Monitoring -- 5 Monitoring the Biological Aerosol -- 6 Analysis of the Biological Aerosol -- 4. Aerobiological Monitoring for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage -- 7 Libraries and Archives -- 8 Museums -- 9 Churches and Hypogea -- 10 Outdoor Environments -- Colour Plates


Culture -- Study and teaching Fine arts Cultural heritage Atmospheric sciences Environmental management Environmental engineering Biotechnology Cultural and Media Studies Cultural Heritage Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology Atmospheric Sciences Environmental Management Fine Arts



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