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AuthorWilliams, Rogel L. author
TitleBotanophilia in Eighteenth-Century France [electronic resource] : The Spirit of the Enlightenment / by Rogel L. Williams
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 2001
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Descript V, 197 p. online resource


The book describes the innovations that enabled botany, in the Eighteenth century, to emerge as an independent science, independent from medicine and herbalism. This encompassed the development of a reliable system for plant classification and the invention of a nomenclature that could be universally applied and understood. The key that enabled Linnaeus to devise his classification system was the discovery of the sexuality of plants. The book, which is intended for the educated general reader, proceeds to illustrate how many aspects of French life were permeated by this revolution in botany between about 1760 to 1815, a botanophilia sometimes inflated into botanomania. The reader should emerge with a clearer understanding of what the Enlightenment actually was in contrast to some popular second-hand ideas today


Prologue -- Sรฉbastien Valliant and the Sexuality of Plants -- Linnaeus, Prince of Botanists -- Bernard de Jussieu and the Petit Trianon -- The Buffon Phenomenon -- From Jussieu to Candolle -- Plants and Medical Practices -- The Amiable Science and Sensibility -- Public Botanophilia: Floras -- Public Botanophilia: Learned Societies and Eminent Botanophiles -- Painting and Gardening: The Blending of Science and Art -- The Botanophiles Confront Deforestation -- Epilogue -- Finale

History Fine arts Plant science Botany Climate change History History general History of Science Plant Sciences Plant Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography Climate Change Fine Arts


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