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AuthorKuipers, Theo A. F. author
TitleStructures in Science [electronic resource] : Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures. An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy of Science / by Theo A. F. Kuipers
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 2001
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9739-5
Descript XVI, 414 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Although there is an abundance of highly specialized monographs, learned collections and general introductions to the philosophy of science, only a few 25 years. synthetic monographs and advanced textbooks have appeared in the last The philosophy of science seems to have lost its self-confidence. The main reason for such a loss is that the traditional analytical, logical-empiricist approaches to the philosophy of science had to make a number of concessions, especially in response to the work of Popper, Kuhn and Lakatos. With Structures in Science I intend to present both a synthetic mono graph and an advanced textbook that accommodates and integrates the insight of these philosophers, in what I like to call a neo-classical approach. The resulting monograph elaborates several important topics from one or more perspectives, by distinguishing various kinds of research programs, and various ways of explaining and reducing laws and concepts, and by summarizing an integrated explication (presented in From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism, ICR) of the notions of confirmation, empirical progress and truth approximation


CONTENT

I Units of Scientific Knowledge and Knowledge Acquisition; Introduction -- 1 Research Programs and Research Strategies -- 2 Observational Laws and Proper Theories -- II Patterns of Explanation and Description; Introduction -- 3 Explanation and Reduction of Laws -- 4 Explanation and Description by Specification -- III Structures in Interlevel and Interfield Research; Introduction -- 5 Reduction and Correlation of Concepts -- 6 Levels, Styles, and Mind-Body Research -- IV Confirmation and Empirical Progress; Introduction -- 7 Testing and Further Separate Evaluation of Theories -- 8 Empirical Progress and Pseudoscience -- V Truth, Product, and Concept Approximation; Introduction -- 9 Progress in Nomological, Explicative and Design -- 10 Design Research Programs -- VI Capita Selecta; Introduction -- 11 Computational Philosophy of Science -- 12 The Structuralist Approach to Theories -- 13 โ{128}{152}Default-Normsโ{128}{153} in Research Ethics -- Suggestions for Further Reading -- Exercises -- Notes -- References -- Index of Names -- Index of Subjects


Philosophy Logic Philosophy and science Artificial intelligence Philosophy Philosophy of Science Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) Logic



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