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AuthorSteele, John M. author
TitleObservations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers [electronic resource] / by John M. Steele
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 2000
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9528-5
Descript XII, 324 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Eclipses have long been seen as important celestial phenomena, whether as omens affecting the future of kingdoms, or as useful astronomical events to help in deriving essential parameters for theories of the motion of the moon and sun. This is the first book to collect together all presently known records of timed eclipse observations and predictions from antiquity to the time of the invention of the telescope. In addition to cataloguing and assessing the accuracy of the various records, which come from regions as diverse as Ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Europe, the sources in which they are found are described in detail. Related questions such as what type of clocks were used to time the observations, how the eclipse predictions were made, and how these prediction schemes were derived from the available observations are also considered. The results of this investigation have important consequences for how we understand the relationship between observation and theory in early science and the role of astronomy in early cultures, and will be of interest to historians of science, astronomers, and ancient and medieval historians


CONTENT

1 Introduction -- 2 Mesopotamia -- 3 The Greco-Roman World -- 4 The Islamic Near East -- 5 Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe -- 6 China -- 7 Japan -- 8 Discussion -- A Late Babylonian Eclipse Records -- B Chinese Sunrise and Sunset Times -- C Timed Chinese Eclipse Records -- References -- Index of Texts


History Observations Astronomical Astronomy -- Observations History History general Astronomy Observations and Techniques



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