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AuthorHintikka, Jaakko. author
TitleLingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator [electronic resource] : An Ultimate Presupposition of Twentieth-Century Philosophy / by Jaakko Hintikka
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1997
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Descript XXII, 270 p. online resource


R. G. Collingwood saw one of the main tasks of philosophers and of historians of human thought in uncovering what he called the ultimate presuppositions of different thinkers, of different philosophical movements and of entire eras of intellectual history. He also noted that such ultimate presuppositions usually remain tacit at first, and are discovered only by subsequent reflection. Collingwood would have been delighted by the contrast that constitutes the overall theme of the essays collected in this volume. Not only has this dichotomy ofviews been one ofthe mostcrucial watersheds in the entire twentieth-century philosophical thought. Not only has it remained largely implicit in the writings of the philosophers for whom it mattered most. It is a truly Collingwoodian presupposition also in that it is not apremise assumed by different thinkers in their argumentation. It is the presupposition of a question, an assumption to the effect that a certain general question can be raised and answered. Its role is not belied by the fact that several philosophers who answered it one way or the other seem to be largely unaware that the other answer also makes sense - if it does. This Collingwoodian question can be formulated in a first rough approximation by asking whether language - our actual working language, Tarski's "colloquiallanguage" - is universal in the sense of being inescapable. This formulation needs all sorts of explanations, however


1. โ{128}{156}Contemporary Philosophy and the Problem of Truthโ{128}{157} -- 2. โ{128}{156}Is Truth Ineffable?โ{128}{157} -- 3. โ{128}{156}Defining Truth, the Whole Truth and Nothing But the Truthโ{128}{157} -- 4. โ{128}{156}On the Development of the Model-Theoretic Viewpoint in Logical Theoryโ{128}{157} -- 5. โ{128}{156}The Place of C.S. Peirce in the History of Logical Theoryโ{128}{157} -- 6. (with Merrill B. Hintikka) โ{128}{156}Wittgenstein and Language as the Universal Mediumโ{128}{157} -- 7. โ{128}{156}Carnapโ{128}{153}s Work in the Foundations of Logic and Mathematics in a Historical Perspectiveโ{128}{157} -- 8. โ{128}{156}Quine as a Member of the Tradition of the Universality of Languageโ{128}{157} -- Appendixes -- 1. Jean van Heijenoort, โ{128}{156}Logic as Calculus and Logic as Languageโ{128}{157} -- 2. Martin Kusch, โ{128}{156}Husserl and Heidegger on Meaningโ{128}{157}

Philosophy Logic Modern philosophy Language and languages -- Philosophy Semantics Philosophy Philosophy of Language Modern Philosophy Semantics Logic


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