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AuthorNordenfelt, Lennart. author
TitleOn the Nature of Health [electronic resource] : An Action-Theoretic Approach / by Lennart Nordenfelt
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1987
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Descript XVII, 204 p. online resource


GENERAL INTRODUCTION This study of the concept of health is an attempt to combine central ideas in modern philosophy of medicine with certain results from analytical action theory. What emerges from the study is a concept of health based on an action-theoretic foundation. A person's health is characterized as his ability to achieve his vital goals. The general conception is not new. This study has been inspired by a number of scholars, both ancient and modern. The most important influences from the latter have been those of Georges Canguilhem, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr. , Caroline Whitbeck and Ingmar Pรถrn. The novel aspect of this book consists of elaborations made to the general conception. First, the action-theoretic platform is analysed in some detail. The nature of the ability involved, as well as the conditions for having that ability, are specified. Second, the vital goals of man are given considerable attention. Some previous attempts to define such vital goals are analysed and criticized. A new characterization is proposed, in which the vital goals are conceptually linked to the notion of happiness. A person's vital goals are such states of affairs as are necessary and together sufficient for his minimal happiness. Third, a number of consequences of this conยญ ception are observed and analysed. One issue which is particularly emphaยญ sized is that ofwhether the concept ofhealth is a theoretical or a normative concept


1: Some Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Health -- 2: An Analytic Theory of Health: The Biostatistical Theory (BST) -- 3: Towards a Holistic Theory of Health -- 4: On the Factors Which Compromise Health -- 5: On Some Societal and Scientific Consequences of the Welfare Notion of Health -- 6: Conclusions and Summary of the Welfare Theory of Health -- Appendix: On the Ontology of Diseases -- 1. A Classical Debate โ{128}{148} Physiologism Versus Ontologism -- 2. The Problem of Historical Change -- 3. Towards a Reconstruction of Medical Ontology -- 4. Some Modern Definitions of Diseases -- 5. An Analysis of the Disease Concepts -- 6. Summary -- Notes

Philosophy Medicine -- Philosophy Philosophy and social sciences Medical ethics Anthropology Philosophy Philosophy of Medicine Anthropology Philosophy of the Social Sciences Theory of Medicine/Bioethics


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