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AuthorEnno van Gelder, H. A. author
TitleThe Two Reformations in the 16th Century [electronic resource] : A Study of the Religious Aspects and Consequences of Renaissance and Humanism / by H. A. Enno van Gelder
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1961
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Descript X, 406 p. online resource


This book deals with the religious aspects and consequences of the Renaissance and Humanism. It is therefore advisable that these terms should first be defined to some extent. By Reยญ naissance is meant here the new element in Western European culture, which became more and more evident in Italy during the I5th century and in about I500 completely dominated the great minds in that country. In the I6th century this new eleยญ ment was carried to the countries on the other side of the Alps, where it developed vigorously during that century. The new element in that culture is found in the plastic arts, literature, philosophy and also - and this is the subject of the present study - in a modified religious attitude. The following chapters will show the content of this last change. Problems such as: what in general characterizes the Renaissance, by what was it caused, when did it begin and, in particular, whether the Reยญ naissance forms a sharp contrast to the Middle Ages or whether it is a direct continuation of it, will not be discussed here. It will be clear from the above definition that I have placed first and foremost those things in the Renaissance which distinguish it from the Middle Ages


The Problem -- I Italy -- I. The Italian Humanists and the Christian Doctrine of Salvation -- II. Propagation and Expansion in Italy -- II Western Europe -- III. Orthodox Catholicism and its early Opponents -- IV. Erasmus -- V. Erasmusโ{128}{153}s Contemporaries -- VI. Luther -- VII. The Baptists, Sebastian Franck and Marguerite dโ{128}{153}Angoulรชme -- VIII. Christian Humanism in France -- IX. In the Netherlands -- X. Christian Humanism in England -- XI Dolet, Marlowe, Montaigne and Bodin

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