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AuthorEmbree, George Daniel. author
TitleThe Soviet Union between the 19th and the 20th Party Congresses, 1952-1956 [electronic resource] / by George Daniel Embree
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1959
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Descript XI, 365 p. online resource


The years between the Nineteenth and Twentieth Party Conยญ gresses of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union comprise one of the most eventful periods in the history of the USSR. It opened with the first CPSU gathering in 13 years at a time when the Soviet Union was beset by serious domestic and foreign difficulties and was passing through a transitional period in its development. It witnessed the death of J. V. Stalin who had exercized unquestioned authority for a quarter of a century; it felt the impact of the sweeping changes undertaken by his successors as they sought to cope with the immense problems facing the new regime; and it culminated in the Twenยญ tieth Party Congress which marked the closing of one phase of the post-Stalin era and the opening of an equally challenging newone. It would be mistaken to consider this period between October 1952 and February 1956 as an isolated unit. In fact, most of its salient features have their roots deep in the past and the full implications of the momentous changes undertaken after Stalin's death have yet to be felt. Nevertheless, it does provide a convenient - although arbitrary - demarcation of an imยญ portant phase of Soviet history. I wish to express my gratitude to Prof. Dr. C. D. J. Brandt under whose expert guidance this study was undertaken and written


I. The Nineteenth Party Congress and the Death of Stalin -- The Background to 1952 -- The Nineteenth Party Congress -- The Emerging Pattern -- The โ{128}{156}Doctorsโ{128}{153} Plotโ{128}{157} -- The Death of Stalin -- II. The Post-Stalin Interregnum -- The Initial Crisis and the Struggle for Power -- Policy Changes at Home and Abroad -- Beriaโ{128}{153}s Bid for Power -- Beriaโ{128}{153}s Arrest and Its Repercussions -- III. The New Foreign and Domestic Policies -- The End of the Interregnum -- The Malenkov-Khrushchev Economic Program -- The Literary Controversy -- The Anti-religious Propaganda Campaign -- Collective Leadership and the Struggle for Power -- The Virgin Lands Program -- The Consumersโ{128}{153} Goods Program -- The New Diplomacy -- IV. Domestic Political and Economic Crises -- The Political Crisis -- The Continuing Economic Crisis -- V. Soviet Foreign Policy: 1955 -- The New Approach -- The Re-appraisal of Soviet Military Doctrine -- The Bandung Conference -- The Austrian State Treaty -- The Disarmament Negotiations -- The Rapprochement with Yugoslavia -- The Negotiation with Japan -- The Military and Foreign Policy -- The Pre-Geneva Maneuvering -- The Summit Conference -- The โ{128}{156}Spirit of Genevaโ{128}{157} -- The Middle East and Soviet Diplomacy -- The Stiffening Soviet Propaganda Line -- The Foreign Ministersโ{128}{153} Conference -- The New Trend in Soviet Diplomacy -- VI. The Twentieth Party Congress -- The Announcement -- The Internal Struggle for Power -- The Stalin Image before the Congress -- The Increased Flexibility of Soviet Policy -- The Twentieth Party Congress -- Appendix I. The Secretariats of the Non-Russian Republic Communist Parties -- Appendix II. Changes in the Composition of the Cpsu and Non-Russian republic Central Committies as the Result of the 1956 Party Congresses -- Appendix III. Glossary of Communist Periodicals and Books -- Appendix IV. Typical Soviet Wages and Prices in Moscow and Nine Other Soviet Cities: Septemberโ{128}{148}October 1955 -- Biliography

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