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AuthorEdding, Friedrich. author
TitleThe Refugees as a Burden a Stimulus, and a Challenge to the West German Economy [electronic resource] / by Friedrich Edding
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1951
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Descript XII, 57 p. 2 illus. online resource


The study by Dr Friedrich Edding is, as far as I can see, the first paper to treat the economic side of the Refugee problem in Western Germany in an impartial form, showing, on the basis of new figures, its positive as well as its negative aspect and effect. Anyhow it may be of some use to underline - from the "bird's-eye view point" of Basle - some of his conceptions and conclusions and to throw some light on the sociological background which makes this particular problem the hard core of the social and political situation of Western Germany - and probably of Western Europe as well. Firstly: it must be noted that this scientific analysis supports neither the optimists nor the pessimists. The optimists are bound to admit that the stimulus provided by new manpower and entrepreneurial initiative is more than counterbalanced by lack of capital and by the need for considerable aid in the form of housing, clothes and money for millions of refugees who are old, sick or for other reasons unable to work. The pessimists are bound to admit that the burden of 9 million immigrants is an enormously stimulating challenge to Western Germany and that this burden is partly counterbalanced by the new firms, methods and techniques which owe their foundation, application or development respectively to the Refugee entrepreneurs, cattle-breeders or seed-growers


I. The Refugee Influx Seen Against the Background of General Population Trends -- II. The Refugees as a Burden on the West German Economy -- III. The Refugees as a Stimulus and a Challenge to the West German Economy -- Conclusions -- Table I โ{128}{148} Western Germanyโ{128}{153}s Share in Germanyโ{128}{153}s National Wealth 1938/39 -- Table II โ{128}{148} Comparative Caloric Value of National Diets and Human Consumption of Protein and Fats in 1949/50 and 1952/53 -- Table III โ{128}{148} Population and Occupational Structure in Western Germany, September 1950 -- Table IV โ{128}{148} Population, Total Labor Force, and Unemployed in Western Germany, September 1950.. -- Table V โ{128}{148} Public Financial Burdens Imposed by the Refugees on Western Germany in the Fiscal Years 1950/51 and 1951/52 -- Diagram 1 โ{128}{148} Annual Rate of Growth on the West German Population 1925โ{128}{147}1950 -- Diagram 2 โ{128}{148} The External Migration of Western Germany, 1950 -- Diagram 3 โ{128}{148} Social Shifting of Expellees and Indigenous Population in Western Germany 1950 compared with 1939 -- Diagram 4 โ{128}{148} Increase of Population and Industrial Production and Increase or Decrease of Industrial Production per Capita in some West European Countries and USA

Social sciences Population Emigration and immigration Social Sciences Migration Population Economics


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