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AuthorMacDonald, Lauchlin D. author
TitleJohn Grote [electronic resource] : A Critical Estimate of his Writings / by Lauchlin D. MacDonald
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1966
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-9239-2
Descript XXI, 284 p. 1 illus. online resource

SUMMARY

An objective of this book is to discuss some of the contributions made by John Grote to philosophy. This work is an extension of a dissertation written for the doctorate at Boston University. The author wishes to acknowledge the invaluable assistance in many places to Professor Peter A. Bertocci and the late Professor Edgar S. Brightman both of whom read the entire manuscript in its original form. Also, the author acknowledges the encouraging interest and support of his wife, Helen, whose many suggestions have improved the writing and without whose assistance this work would not have been accomplished. The author assumes complete responsibility for whatever errors or deficiencies appear in the book. All known writings of Grote are listed and the more important ones analyzed. LAUCHLIN D. MACDONALD CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1. JOHN GROTE'S LIFE i. Sketch of his life John Grote will remain best known by reason of the thought formuยญ lated in the Exploratio Philosophica, or Rough Notes on Modern I ntellectuยญ al Science. To the philosophical world of his own time he was well known as the teacher who ably held the chair of Moral Philosophy in the University of Cambridge from r855 until the year of his death, r866, to the Knightbridge Professor, William Whewell whose in succession Philosophy of Science is the subject of at least one chapter of the Exploratio Philosophica. Grote's birthplace was Beckenham in Kent, and the date, May 5, r8r3


CONTENT

I. Introduction -- 1. John Groteโ{128}{153}s Life -- 2. Writings -- 3. Statement, and Division, of the Problem -- 4. Survey of Sources and of Previous Work on the Problem -- 5. Transition to Next Chapter -- II. Groteโ{128}{153}s View of Phenomenalism -- I. Distinction of Terms: โ{128}{152}Noumenon,โ{128}{153} โ{128}{152}Phenomenon,โ{128}{153} and โ{128}{152}Thing in Itselfโ{128}{153} -- 2. What Phenomenalism Means -- 3. Phenomenal Reality -- 4. Two Tests of Phenomenalism -- 5. The Phenomenalist Spirit or Mind -- 6. Summary and Foreword to Next Chapter -- III. Groteโ{128}{153}s Interpretation of the Relation of Phenomenalism to Philosophy -- 1. Each is Necessary to the Other -- 2. Consciousness as Active and Passive -- 3. Analysis of Sensation -- 4. Time and Space -- 5. The Relationship of Phenomenalism to Philosophy Further Illustrated -- 6. Relationship Through Contrast -- 7. Mind Provides Unity -- 8. Grote Avoids A Basic Blunder in Behaviorism -- 9. Kantโ{128}{153}s Abstraction of Phenomenal Reality from Reason -- 10. Abstracting of Consciousness from Phenomena is Unwarranted -- 11. Historical Recapitulation -- 12. Main Contribution of the Chapter, with Comment -- 13. Transition to Next Chapter -- IV. Philosophy As Consciousness and the Ego -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Ferrierโ{128}{153}s Treatment of Philosophy and Phenomenalism -- 3. Criticism of Grote and Ferrier on the Basis of Lotzeโ{128}{153}s Position -- 4. Meaning of โ{128}{152}Know,โ{128}{153} and โ{128}{152}Know About,โ{128}{153} in Reference to Phenomenal Reality -- 5. Relativity of Knowledge -- 6. Summary of Main Issues -- V. โ{128}{152}Philosophyโ{128}{153} and the Scale of Sensation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Importance of the Scale of Sensation -- 3. Two Kinds of Knowledge โ{128}{148} โ{128}{152}Higherโ{128}{153} and โ{128}{152}Lowerโ{128}{153} -- 4. Hamilton, Mill and Reid Compared -- 5. Descartes and Hamilton -- 6. Proper Use of Certain Terms in Relation to the Scale of Sensation -- 7. Critical Reflection on the Foregoing Chapter -- VI. Phenomenalist Logic and Knowledge -- 1. Introductory -- 2. Groteโ{128}{153}s Own Position Revealed Through Criticism of Hamilton and Mill -- 3. Phenomenalism Inadequate For A Perfect Scheme of Knowledge -- 4. Critical Observations and Analyses -- VII. The Introspective Method in Knowledge -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Lockeโ{128}{153}s Psychology -- 3. Humeโ{128}{153}s Rationalism -- 4. Berkeleyโ{128}{153}s Subjectivism -- 5. Spencerโ{128}{153}s and Morellโ{128}{153}s Evolutionism -- 6. Retrospect and Prospect -- VIII. Immediateness and Reflection -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Purpose of the Chapter in Introducing These Terms -- 3. Meaning of Immediateness and Reflection -- 4. Significance of Immediateness and Reflection in Groteโ{128}{153}s Philosophy -- 5. Critical Comment -- 6. Relation to the Following Chapter -- IX. Personalism in Groteโ{128}{153}s Writings -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Epistemological Monism -- 3. Monistic, Pluralistic, and Theistic Personalism -- 4. Critique of Materialism -- 5. Critical Comment -- 6. Summary and Transition to Next Chapter -- X. Groteโ{128}{153}s Idealism -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Groteโ{128}{153}s Platonism -- 3. Critique of Utilitarianism -- 4. A Critique of Moral Ideals -- 5. Critical Remarks -- 6. Concluding Note to this Chapter -- Conclusion -- 1. Groteโ{128}{153}s Position in the History of Philosophy -- 2. Further Critical Comment -- Appendix: An Exposition of the Miscellaneous Writings of John Grote -- I. โ{128}{156}On A Furture Stateโ{128}{157} -- 1. Glorification of body and mind -- 2. Simplicity of style and thought in this article -- 3. Effect of present life on the future -- 4. Manner of individual appearance in a future life is unimportant -- 5. Stress on the importance of both present and future life -- 6. Comment -- II. โ{128}{156}On Glossologyโ{128}{157} -- 1. Concerning terminology -- i. Break in Groteโ{128}{153}s projected work on glossology -- ii.โ{128}{153} Phoneโ{128}{153} and โ{128}{152}noemโ{128}{153} -- iii.โ{128}{153} Phonismโ{128}{153} and โ{128}{152}noematismโ{128}{153} -- iv. Ideas of physical โ{128}{152}thingsโ{128}{153} -- v. Stomatism -- vi. โ{128}{152}Hypophonismโ{128}{153} -- 2. The philosophy of language -- i. Four divisions -- ii. โ{128}{152}Noematismโ{128}{153} -- iii. โ{128}{152}Noematoschematismโ{128}{153} -- iv.โ{128}{153} Phonariumโ{128}{153} -- v. โ{128}{152}Dianoematismโ{128}{153} -- vi. In extreme cases the modification in noematism is very great -- 3. Criticism of Tooke -- 4. Criticism of Trench -- 5. Comment -- III. โ{128}{156}Thought vs. Learningโ{128}{157} -- 1. A contrast -- 2. Use of oneโ{128}{153}s own mind is of chief importance -- 3. Thought and learning stagnation -- 4. Comment -- IV. โ{128}{156}Pascal and Montaigneโ{128}{157} -- 1. A brief comparison -- 2. Pascalโ{128}{153}s devotion to religion -- 3. Montaigneโ{128}{153}s neopaganism -- 4. Pascal on happiness -- 5. Comment -- V. โ{128}{156}On the Dating of Ancient Historyโ{128}{157} -- 1. Dating of events by two methods โ{128}{148} epochal and eponymous -- 2. Dynastical reckoning -- 3. Olympiadic dating -- 4. Dating by lunar months -- 5. Dating originating in Christendom -- 6. Other methods of dating -- 7. Present and future methods of dating -- VI. โ{128}{156}Origin and Meaning of Roman Namesโ{128}{157} -- 1. Significance of โ{128}{152}nomen,โ{128}{153} โ{128}{152}praenomen,โ{128}{153} and โ{128}{152}cognomenโ{128}{153} -- 2. Criticism of Plutarch -- 3. Change in a Roman name -- 4. Criticism of Varroโ{128}{153}s view -- 5. Present-day names based on Roman rather than on Greek -- VII. Conclusion to Miscellaneous Writings -- Chronological Bibliography of the Writings of John Grote -- General Bibliography


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