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AuthorOgunbanwo, Ogunsola O. author
TitleInternational Law and Outer Space Activities [electronic resource] / by Ogunsola O. Ogunbanwo
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1975
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Descript XXII, 272 p. 1 illus. online resource


Space exploration is a development which began with the launching of the first artificial satellite in 1957. Since then an incredible progress has been made, leading to the landing of man on the moon. A quick look at the number of launchings which have been registered with the United Nations will show the influence of space science and technology on human endeavours. For example, satellites can be used for comยญ munication, weather forecasting, education, and remote sensing of the resources of the Earth. The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space is the focal point of international co-operation in space activities. The Committee regulates these activities through its Legal Sub-Committee. The setting up of the Committee was preceded by an Ad Hoc Committee which was established on 31 December 1958. The initial difficulty which confronted the Ad Hoc Committee was the issue of its memberยญ ship. The USSR, Czechoslovakia and Poland decided not to participate in its work because they were dissatisfied with the composition of the Ad Hoc Committee. Later, both the UAR and India also decided not to participate in its work. Although the Ad Hoc Committee succeeded in producing a report in 1959 (UN document A/4141), the progress of work of the Main Committee was in limbo for a while. It was not until 1961 that the disagreements were resolved. The Committee conducts its business without voting -the Chairman simply states the consensus of views which have been expressed


I Introduction, Purpose and Scope -- I Outer Space Treaty -- II Space Law Before the Space Treaty -- III Definition of Outer Space -- IV Outer Space is the Province of Mankind -- V Jurisdiction over Outer Space -- VI Arms Control and the Space Treaty -- VII Verification Provision -- VIII Treaty Provisions on Safety, Tracking Facilities and Exchange of Information -- IX Final Clauses -- II Assistance and Return Agreement -- X Assistance and Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space -- III Liability for Damages and the Responsibility of States and International Organizations -- XI Liability for Damages and Responsibility of States and International Organizations -- XII Examples of the โ{128}{156}Utilizationโ{128}{157} of Outer Space (Space Applications) -- XIII Trends in International Co-operation -- XIV Concluding Remarks -- Appendices -- A. Treaty Governing the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies -- B. Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts, and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space -- D. Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space -- G. Convention on Registration of objects launched into outer space -- H. Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water. Signed in Moscow, on 5 August 1963 -- I. Draft Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (Title, Preamble and Thirteen Articles, as approved by the Legal Sub-Committee at its Ninth Session. 1970) -- J. Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil thereof -- K. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly, including the final text of the Convention on International Liability for Damage caused by space objects -- Selected Bibliography

Law Law of the sea International law Law Law of the Sea Air and Outer Space


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