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AuthorBentwich, Norman. author
TitleThe Rescue and Achievement of Refugee Scholars [electronic resource] : The Story of Displaced Scholars and Scientists 1933-1952 / by Norman Bentwich
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1953
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Descript XV, 107 p. online resource


This little book has been written at the suggestion of the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning. That body was the successor of the Academic Assistance Council which was formed in 1933 by heads of British Universities and learned Societies to assist scholars and scientists and investigators "who, on grounds of religion, political opinion or race, were unable to carryon their work in their own country". They were, at the time of the formation of the Society, particularly, but not exclusively, refugees from Nazi oppression, and deprived of their academic posts on one of these grounds. But they soon embraced refugees from other tyrannies. The British example was followed by similar efforts in many countries. The National and International effort, initiated in 1933 on behalf of academic freedom, is still far from completed. For the persecution of free thought and research has become an endemic ill of our time, and calls for a continuous activity of the free Universities. The major task, however, of saving for science and scholarยญ ship the victims of Nazi persecution has been accomplished, and most of the academic societies which were formed in the Thirties to take up the challenge have been dissolved. It seems opportune then to place on record this effort of cultural soliยญ darity for the displaced scholars, and the contribution which has been made to the world's intellectual life by those who were rescued


I. Crisis in the German Universities 1933 -- II. First Efforts of Rescue: 1933-1938 -- III. Growth of the Problem 1938-45 -- IV. Group Rescue -- a. The Warburg Institute, London -- b. The New School of Social Research, New York -- c. Institutes of Advanced Studies, Princeton and Dublin -- d. Turkish Universities -- e. Palestine -- V. War-Time and Post-War Rescue in Europe -- VI. The War Contribution in England -- VII. The Peace Contribution in England -- Epilogue -- Appendix a. Refugee Fellows of the Royal Society -- b. Refugee Fellows of the British Academy -- c. Professors in British Universities -- Index of Names

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