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AuthorNeumann, Brigitte. author
TitleImmigrant Integration and Urban Renewal in Toronto [electronic resource] / by Brigitte Neumann, Richard Mezoff, Anthony H. Richmond
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1973
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Descript XVII, 101 p. online resource


English and the community functions on the basis of a variety of ethnic institutions that operate in the immigrant's own mother tongue. These include local stores and markets, churches, clubs, welfare agencies and other organizations that serve the needs of the local population. Frequently employment opportunities in occupaยญ tions where English is unnecessary are also available to men and women in the neighbourhood. These ethnic neighbourhoods exhibit a high degree of functional interdependence which would be severely disrupted by urban renewal schemes involving widespread clearance. The proposed extension of freeways could give rise to problems in this respect. Even the "spot clearance" schemes of a more limited kind would have more serious social and human repercussions in such areas in view of the high incidence of "doubling". It is significant that certain planning areas in which urban renewal has already proceeded, such as the Don area including the Regent Park public housing scheme, have consisted predominantly of native-born Canadians of British origin. The experience gained in these schl̃mes is not likely to be a useful guide to the probable consequen -;es of improvement and other schemes in those areas with a mt l"e heterogeneous population. An examination of the population .::haracteristics in those areas designated for renewal in the future suggests that the social effects and human implications of these plans may be somewhat different from past experience


I. Long-Term Plans for Urban Improvement in Toronto -- The Development of Metropolitan Toronto -- The Urban Renewal Areas of Toronto -- II. Survey Methodology -- Construction of Interview Schedule and Fieldwork -- Selection of Respondents and Sample Design -- Non-Response and Sampling Error -- The Neighbourhood Integration Score -- Participation in Voluntary Associations -- III. Characteristics of Household Heads in the Survey Areas -- Ethnic Origins -- Demographic and Socio-Economic Characteristics -- Housing Conditions and Satisfaction -- Housing Conditions -- Conclusion -- IV. Neighbourhood Satisfaction and Integration -- Neighbourhood Integration -- Length of Residence and Mobility -- Conclusion -- V. Attitudes Towards Urban Renewal -- Factors Influencing Attitudes Toward Urban Renewal -- Conclusion -- VI. Participation in Voluntary Associations -- Types of Organization: Overall Frequencies of Memberships -- Religious Denomination, Religious Involvement, Ethnicity and Class -- Instrumental and Expressive Organizations and Leadership -- Labour Unions -- Social Class and Participation in Voluntary Associations -- Ethnicity and Participation -- Integration and Satisfaction -- Attitudes Toward Urban Renewal and Participation -- Conclusion -- VII. Conclusion -- Area and Ethnic Differences -- Implications for Urban Renewal Policies -- Immigrant Integration -- Selected Bibliography and References

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