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AuthorLodder, Arno R. author
TitleDiaLaw [electronic resource] : On Legal Justification and Dialogical Models of Argumentation / by Arno R. Lodder
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1999
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3957-1
Descript XII, 198 p. online resource

SUMMARY

This book is a revised version of my dissertation 'DiaLaw - on legal th justification and dialog games' that I defended on June 5 1998 at the Universiteit Maastricht. The chapters 1, 4 & 5 (now: 1, 5 & 6) of my dissertation have remained largely unaltered. In chapter 2 I added explicitly the distinction between constructing legal justification and reconstructing it, and tried to elucidate the differences (and similarities) between the product and process of justification. Chapter 3 is divided into two chapters: one on the general characteristics of DiaLaw (now: chapter 3), and the other on specific, legal characteristics of DiaLaw (now: chapter 4). In order to improve readability, all rules in these chapters have been rewritten considerably. The section on the implementation of DiaLaw is moved to the appendix. In chapter 7 (the former chapter 6), a discussion of the notions 'procedural' and 'structural' arguments is added, and different layers in argumentation models are discussed. Finally, in chapter 8 (the former chapter 7) is added a recapitulation of my view on legal justification, and a discussion on the future use in legal practice of dialog models that represent argumentation in a natural way. The main thesis has remained unaltered: legal justification should be modeled as a procedural, dialogical model in which not only products of argumentation are allowed, but, even in formal models, rhetorical, psychological aspects of argument are dealt with


CONTENT

1 Introduction -- 1. Artificial Intelligence and Law -- 2. Legal justification -- 3. Outline of the book -- 2 From law to DiaLaw Why legal justification should be modeled dialogically -- 1. The product and the process of justification -- 2. Justification as a product -- 3. The defeasible nature of legal justification -- 4. The open nature of law -- 5. The Mรผnchhausen Trilemma -- 6. Justification as a process: a dialogical model -- 7. Dealing with defeasibility, open nature, and the Mรผnchhausen Trilemma in a dialogical model -- 8. Justification of dialog rules and altering protocols -- 9. How pure is the procedure of legal justification? -- 10. Conclusion -- 3 DiaLaw Framework and general rules -- 1. Justification in DiaLaw -- 2. Basic concepts of DiaLaw -- 3. DiaLawโ{128}{153}s dialogical framework -- 4. General rules for communication -- 5. Towards legal justification -- 4 DiaLaw Special rules for communication -- 1. Special language elements -- 2. Special rules for communication - legal tools and forced commitment -- 3. Concluding remarks -- 5 DiaLaw in action -- 1. The Tyrell case -- 2. The Chabot case -- 3. Concluding remarks -- 6 Dialogical models of argumentation -- 1. The purpose of models -- 2. A short sample dialog -- 3. Mackenzieโ{128}{153}s DC and Hamblinโ{128}{153}s H -- 4. Rescherโ{128}{153}s Dialectics and the formal elaboration by Brewka -- 5. Gordonโ{128}{153}s Pleadings Game -- 6. Survey of moves and commitment -- 7. Other related research -- 8. Conclusion -- 7 What is an argument? Properties of procedural models of argumentation -- 1. Argumentation: two perspectives -- 2. Argumentation: two types -- 3. Towards combining the approaches -- 4. DiaLaw: rational and dia-rational argumentation -- 5. Procedural and structural arguments -- 6. Layers in models of legal argumentation -- 7. Conclusion -- 8 In conclusion -- 1. On legal justification -- 2. The answers -- 3. The future: towards natural dialog models -- 4. Closing remarks -- Appendix- Prolog code of DiaLaw -- References -- Index of names -- Index of subjects


Law Political science Artificial intelligence Computers Law and legislation Computational linguistics Law -- Philosophy Law Theories of Law Philosophy of Law Legal History Legal Aspects of Computing Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) Philosophy of Law Computational Linguistics



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