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TitleRepresentation and Derivation in the Theory of Grammar [electronic resource] / edited by Hubert Haider, Klaus Netter
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 1991
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3446-0
Descript V, 320 p. online resource

SUMMARY

Derivation or Representation? Hubert Haider & Klaus Netter 1 The Issue Derivation and Representation - these keywords refer both to a conceptual as well as to an empirical issue. Transformational grammar was in its outset (Chomsky 1957, 1975) a derivational theory which characterized a well-formed sentence by its derivation, i.e. a set of syntactic representations defined by a set of rules that map one representation into another. The set of mappingยญ rules, the transformations, eventually became more and more abstract and were trivialized into a single one, namely "move a" , a general movement-rule. The constraints on movement were singled out in systems of principles that apยญ ply to the resulting representations, i.e. the configurations containing a moved element and its extraction site, the trace. The introduction of trace-theory (d. Chomsky 1977, ch.3 ยง17, ch. 4) in principle opened up the possibility of comยญ pletely abandoning movement and generating the possible outputs of movement directly, i.e. as structures that contain gaps representing the extraction sites


CONTENT

NP-Movement, Crossover and Chain-Formation -- NP-Movement and Expletive Chains -- Chain Formation, Reanalysis, and the Economy of Levels -- On Reconstruction and Coordination -- An Argument for Movement -- Barriers and the Theory of Binding -- Levels and Empty Categories in a Principles and Parameters Approach to Parsing -- Notes on Contributors -- Index of Names -- Index of Subjects


Linguistics Computational linguistics Syntax Linguistics Theoretical Linguistics Syntax Computational Linguistics



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