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TitleCultural Conceptions of Mental Health and Therapy [electronic resource] / edited by Anthony J. Marsella, Geoffrey M. White
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1982
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Descript XII, 414 p. online resource


Within the past two decades, there has been an increased interest in the study of culture and mental health relationships. This interest has extended across many academic and professional disciplines, including anthropology, psychology, sociology, psychiatry, public health and social work, and has resulted in many books and scientific papers emphasizing the role of sociocultural factors in the etiology, epidemiology, manifestation and treatment of mental disorders. It is now evident that sociocultural variables are inextricably linked to all aspects of both normal and abnormal human behavior. But, in spite of the massive accumulation of data regarding culture and mental health relationships, sociocultural factors have still not been incorporated into existing biological and psychological perspectives on mental disorder and therapy. Psychiatry, the Western medical specialty concerned with mental disorders, has for the most part continued to ignore socio-cultural factors in its theoretical and applied approaches to the problem. The major reason for this is psychiatry's continued commitment to a disease conception of mental disorder which assumes that mental disorders are largely biologically-caused illnesses which are universally represented in etiology and manifestation. Within this perspective, mental disorders are regarded as caused by universal processes which lead to discrete and recognizable symptoms regardless of the culture in which they occur. However, this perspective is now the subject of growing criticism and debate


Section I: Cultural Conceptions of the Person and Health -- 1. Introduction: Cultural Conceptions in Mental Health Research and Practice -- 2. Culture and Psychiatric Illness: Biomedical and Ethnomedical Aspects -- 3. The Ethnographic Study of Cultural Knowledge of โ{128}{156}Mental Disorderโ{128}{157} -- 4. Does the Concept of the Person Vary Cross-Culturally? -- Section II: Cultural Conceptions of Mental Disorder -- 5. Toward a Meaning-Centered Analysis of Popular Illness Categories: โ{128}{156}Fright- Illnessโ{128}{157} and โ{128}{156}Heart Distressโ{128}{157} in Iran -- 6. Cultural Definitions, Behavior and the Person in American Psychiatry -- 7. Samoan Folk Knowledge of Mental Disorders -- 8. Popular Conceptions of Mental Health in Japan -- 9. Science and Psychological Medicine in the Ayurvedic Tradition -- Section III: Cultural Conceptions of Therapy -- 10. The Unbounded Self: Balinese Therapy in Theory and Practice -- 11. Self-Reconstruction in Japanese Religious Psychotherapy -- 12. Psychotherapy and Emotion in Traditional Chinese Medicine -- 13. Shaman-Client Interchange in Okinawa: Performative Stages in Shamanic Therapy -- 14. Sunao: A Central Value in Japanese Psychotherapy -- Section IV: Issues and Directions -- 15. The Intercultural Context of Counseling and Therapy -- 16. Culture and Mental Health: An Overview -- List of Contributors -- Author Index

Social sciences Public health Anthropology Social Sciences Anthropology Public Health


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