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AuthorJordan, Z. A. author
TitlePhilosophy and Ideology [electronic resource] : The Development of Philosophy and Marxism-Leninism in Poland Since the Second World War / by Z. A. Jordan
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1963
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Descript 612 p. online resource


The purpose of this study is to describe the development of philosophy in Poland since the end of the Second World War and the development of Marxist-Leninist philosophy which, owing to international political events, has assumed an imporยญ tant role in the intellectual life of contemporary Poland. This task could not have been accomplished without relating post-war developments to those of the interยญ war period. Consequently, the period studied covers the years 1918-1958. Yet another extension was necessary. Marxism-Leninism regards sociology as a part of philosophy. Moreover, Marxism-Leninism often resorts to sociology to support or justify some of its philosophical views. Finally, its criticism of 'bourgeois philosophy' is often concerned with social philosophy and socioยญ logical theories which supposedly are implicit or explicit in 'bourgeois philosoยญ phy'. For this reason it was desirable to consider in this study some theoretical and methodological problems of the social sciences. They are taken into acยญ count when they illuminate philosophical controversies or the evolution of Marxist-Leninist philosophy. Marxism-Leninism is not only a new line of development but also a new point of departure in Polish philosophy. It provides a striking contrast with the established philosophical tradition which originated roughly at the time when G. E. Moore and Bertrand Russell initiated the analytical trend in English philosophy. The contrast can be epitomised by the contradistinction of philosoยญ phy and ideology, chosen as the title of this study


I / Philosophy Between the Two Wars -- 1 The Lwow School -- 2 The Warsaw School -- 3 Other Schools and Other Philosophers -- 4 Marxian Tradition -- 5 Sociology and Social Philosophy -- Notes to Part I -- II / The Period of Reconstruction and the Rise of Marxism-Leninism -- 6 The Philosophical Revival -- 7 The Beginning of Marxist-Leninist Philosophy -- Notes to Part II -- III / The Years of Militancy -- 8 The Road to Ascendancy -- 9 The Instrumentalist Conception of Philosophy -- 10 Criticism of the Warsaw School -- 11 Phenomenology from the Marxist-Leninist Standpoint -- 12 Criticism of Znanieckiโ{128}{153}s Sociology and the Decline of Social Inquiry -- Notes to Part III -- IV / Formal Logic and Dialectics -- 13 The Superiority of Dialectics -- 14 Change, Motion, and Contradiction -- 15 The Abandonment of the Logic of Contradiction -- Notes to Part IV -- V / The Materialistic Theory of Knowledge, Theories of Truth and of Universals -- 16 Engelsโ{128}{153} Representative Realism and Leninโ{128}{153}s Theory of Perception -- 17 The Causal Theory of Knowledge -- 18 Anthropological Realism -- 19 The Materialist Conception of Truth -- 20 The Truths of Logic and Mathematics -- 21 Absolute and Relative Truth and the Relativity of Knowledge -- 22 The Doctrine of Partiality of Truths -- 23 The Doctrine of Concreteness of Truths -- 24 The Relevance of the Problem of Universals and the Rejection of the Three Classic Doctrines -- 25 The Marxist-Leninist Theory of Universals -- 26 The Danger of Platonism -- Notes to Part V -- VI / Marxist-Leninist Historicism and the Concept of Ideology -- 27 The Methodological Approach -- 28 The Nature of Historical Laws -- 29 The Technological Conception of History -- 30 The Empirical Meaning of Historical Materialism -- 31 Prediction in the Social Sciences -- 32 The Revision of the Theoretical Framework of Historical&&Materialism -- 33 Two Interpretations of the Role of Ideology -- 34 The Reappraisal of the Dual Theory of Ideology -- 35 The New Principles of the History of the Philosophy and their Revision -- Notes to Part VI -- Conclusions -- Abbreviations used in the Bibliography -- Index of Names

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