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AuthorPayne, T. R. author
TitleS. L. Rubinลกtejn and the Philosophical Foundations of Soviet Psychology [electronic resource] / by T. R. Payne
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1968
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Descript 194 p. online resource


This work is intended as an introduction to the study of Soviet psyยญ chology. In it we have tried to present the main lines of Soviet psychoยญ logical theory, in particular, the philosophical principles on which that theory is founded. There are surprisingly few books in English on Soviet psychology, or, indeed, in any Western European language. The works that exist usually take the form of symposia or are collections of articles translated from Soviet periodicals. The most important of these are Psychology in the Soviet Union (ed. by Brian Simon), Recent Soviet Psychology (ed. by Neil O'Connor) and Soviet Psychology, A Symposium (ed. by Ralf Winn). Raymond Bauer has also edited an interesting symposium entitled Some Views on Soviet Psychology. Only two systematic studies of Soviet psychology have been published to date: Joseph Wortis' Soviet Psychiatry and Raymond Bauer's The New Man in Soviet Psychology. Both are valuable introductions to Soviet psychology; Bauer's book, in particular, gives a good account of the debates on psychological theory in the Soviet Union in the nineteenยญ twenties and -thirties. Both, however, are somewhat out of date. There are also a number of interesting articles written by Ivan D. London and Gregory Razran, which give general surveys of particular periods or aspects of Soviet psychology. These have been listed in the bibliography


I. The Sources of Soviet Psychological Theory -- A. Introduction -- B. Russian Physiological Psychology -- C. Marxist-Leninist Philosophy -- D. Pavlovism and Marxist-Leninist Philosophy -- II. The Development of Psychological Theory in the Soviet Union -- A. Introduction -- B. The Mechanist Period: 1917โ{128}{147}30 -- C. The Dialectical Period: 1930โ{128}{147}50 -- D. The Pavlovian Period: since 1950 -- E. Concluding Remarks -- III. The Life and Work of S. L. Rubinลกtejn -- A. Life -- B. Literary Activity -- C. Summary -- IV. The Reconstruction of Psychology -- A. Psychology and Marxist-Leninist Philosophy -- B. The Pavlovization of Psychology โ{128}{148} A New Synthesis -- V. The Psychic and the External World -- A. Introduction -- B. Reflection and Ideal Image -- C. The Object of Knowledge -- D. The Subject of Knowledge -- E. The Psychic as Opposed to the External World -- F. Conclusion and Critique: Psychic Phenomena as Ideal Reflection -- VI. Psychic Activity and the Brain -- A. Introduction -- B. The Psychic as a Function of the Brain -- C. The Principle of Psycho-Physical Unity -- D. The Psychic as Higher Nervous Activity -- E. Conclusion and Critique: The Theory of Constitutive Relationism -- Conclusion -- Books and Articles by S. L. Rubinลกtejn -- Select Bibliography -- Name Index

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