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AuthorSmaby, Richard M. author
TitleParaphrase Grammars [electronic resource] / by Richard M. Smaby
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1971
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Descript VIII, 145 p. online resource


The recent rapid development of transformational grammars has incorpoยญ rated some strong claims in the areas of semantics and co-occurrence. The earlier structuralists relied on a minimum of information about the meaning of strings of a language. They asked only if strings of sounds were different in meaning - or simply were different words or phrases. Current transforยญ mational grammars, on the other hand, set as their goal the production of exactly the meaningful strings of a language. Stated slightly differently, they wish to specify exactly which strings of a language can occur together (meaningfully) in a given order. The present book purports to show that transformational grammar is inยญ dependent of the current trends in semantics. I claim that exciting and sophisticated transformational grammars are required for describing when strings of a language mean the same, that is, for describing when strings of a language are paraphrases of each other. This task can be quite naturally limited to a project of much weaker semantic claims than those which are current in transformational linguistics


I: Introduction -- 1. The Transformational Approach -- 2. The Paraphrase Relation -- 3. Paraphrase Grammars -- 4. Compositional Grammars -- 5. Substitution -- 6. Admission Conditions -- 7. Equivalence -- 8. Functional Notation -- 9. Summary -- II: The Paraphrase Relation -- 1. The Study of the Paraphrase Relation -- 2. Collection of Data -- 3. Selection of Data -- 4. Generalization of the Paraphrastic Relationships -- 5. Systematization of the Paraphrase Relation -- 6. Summary -- III: Compositional Grammars -- 1. The Compositional Approach -- 2. A Simple Compositional Language: P -- 3. Compositional Grammars and the Co-Occurrence Problem -- 4. โ{128}{152}Projection Rulesโ{128}{153} -- 5. Summary -- IV: Substitution -- 1. The Substitution Concept -- 2. The Presence of Substitution -- 3. A Notation for Substitution -- 4. The Generality of Substitution -- 5. Operations and Transformations -- 6. Summary -- V: Admission and Equivalence -- 1. Admission Conditions -- 2. Ordering of Transformations -- 3. A Recursive Definition and an Admission Condition -- 4. Equivalence -- 5. Summary -- VI: Functional Representation -- 1. Functional Notation -- 2. Functions and Transformations -- 3. Functions and Phonology: the Relative Clause -- 4. Summary -- VII: The Structure of Paraphrase Grammars -- 1. The Recursive Enumerability of the Transformation Relation -- 2. Elementary Transformations -- 3. Summary -- Appendix: Recursive Enumerability -- Index of Subjects

Linguistics Computational linguistics Grammar Linguistics Grammar Language Translation and Linguistics


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