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AuthorEberle, Rolf A. author
TitleNominalistic Systems [electronic resource] / by Rolf A. Eberle
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1970
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-3314-5
Descript 226 p. online resource

SUMMARY

1. 1. PROGRAM It will be our aim to reconstruct, with precision, certain views which have been traditionally associated with nominalism and to investigate problems arising from these views in the construction of interpreted formal systems. Several such systems are developed in accordance with the demand that the sentences of a system which is acceptable to a nominalist must not imply the existence of any entities other than individuals. Emphasis will be placed on the constructionist method of philosophical analysis. To follow this method is to introduce the central notions of the subject-matter to be investigated into a system governed by exact rules. For example, the constructionist method of investigating the properties of geometric figures may consist in formulating a system of postulates and definitions which, together with the apparatus of formal logic, generates all necessary truths concerning geometric figures. Similarly, a constructionist analysis of the notion of an individual may take the form of an axiomatic theory whose provable assertions are just those which seem essential to the role played by the concept of an individual in systemยญ atic contexts. Such axiomatic theories gain in interest if they are suppleยญ mented by precise semantical rules specifying the denotation of all terms and the truth conditions of all sentences of the theory


CONTENT

1 / Introduction -- 1.1. Program -- 1.2. Historical Background -- 1.3. Formal Preliminaries -- 2 / Individuals -- 2.1. Outline of Goodmanโ{128}{153}s Conception -- 2.2. Part-Whole Relations -- 2.3. Atomistic Universes of Individuals -- 2.4. The Leonard-Goodman Calculus of Individuals LGCI -- 2.5. The General Calculus CII of Atomistic Individuals -- 2.6. Finite Sums and Products: The Calculus CIII -- 2.7. Infinite Sums and Products: The Calculus CIIII -- 2.8. Non-Atomistic Universes of Individuals -- 2.9. The Non-Atomistic Calculus CIIV and some Extensions -- 2.10. Sequential Individuals and the Calculus of Individual Relations -- 3 / Ontological Commitment and Designata of Expressions -- 3.1. Ontological Implications of Theories -- 3.2. One-Place Predicates and their Extensions -- 3.3. Truth Conditions and Relations of Predication -- 3.4. Expressions of Relations and Operations -- 3.5. Denotationless Symbols and Nominalistic Models -- 4 / Bundles of Qualities, Qualities, and Concreta -- 4.1. Bundles of Qualities and their Calculus CB -- 4.2. Resemblance and its Calculus CR -- 4.3. Qualities and their Calculus CQ -- 4.4. Concreta -- 4.5. Further Problems and Conclusion -- Symbolic Notation -- Index of Names -- Index of Subjects


Philosophy Philosophy and science Philosophy Philosophy of Science



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