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AuthorHeier, Edmund. author
TitleReligious Schism in the Russian Aristocracy 1860-1900 Radstockism and Pashkovism [electronic resource] / by Edmund Heier
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1970
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Descript XVI, 159 p. online resource


My research in the intellectual and spiritual sphere of nineteenthยญ century Russia revealed that ever since the penetration of the fashionยญ able anti-ecclesiastical views of the Encyclopedists into Russia, the aristocrats had grown indifferent to religion. The spiritual vacuum created as a result of such conditions could not last, however, for a prolonged period of time; least of all during the decades following the r860's when Russia's moral, socio-political, and religious problems were most acute. The subsequent quest for salvation and the general religious inquiry among Russia's elite, as they were known in the West, manifested itself chiefly in the writings of such profound religious and philosophical thinkers as V. Solov'ev, K. Leont'ev, N. Fedorov, Dosยญ toevskij, and Tolstoj. They constitute, however, only a fraction of those tormented by the longing for religious truth and guidance in an age of transition and uncertainty. There existed among Russia's aristocracy in the second half of the nineteenth century a widespread socio-religious movement known as Radstockism or Pashkovism, which aimed for a religious renovation and with it a transformation of Russia on an ethical and moral basis. These aristocrats were men and women who in their youth were inยญ different to all faith, but who had never abandoned the search for a solution to their own and to Russia's problems. The solution to these problems they believed to be based on moral and religious principles found in Evangelical Christianity


I. Social and Religious Disillusionment of the Age 1850-1900 -- a. Literature: A Reflection of Social and Political Currents -- b. Disillusionment in the Official Church -- II. Lord Radstock and the Religious Revival in Russiaโ{128}{153}s Upper Classes -- III. Radstockism and Pashkovism in Russian Literature of the Nineteenth Century -- a. Dostoevskij and Zasetskaja -- b. Prince Meshcherskij -- c. Leskov and Peuker -- d. Ward de Charriรจre -- e. Tolstoj -- f. Boborykin -- IV. Pashkovism: Diffusion Among the Masses and Persecution -- a. Pobedonostev and Anti-Pashkovism -- b. Exile and Persecution -- c. Disintegration and Decline of Pashkovism

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