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AuthorTondl, Ladislav. author
TitleScientific Procedures [electronic resource] : A Contribution Concerning the Methodological Problems of Scientific Concepts and Scientific Explanation / by Ladislav Tondl
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1973
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-2916-2
Descript XIV, 271 p. online resource

SUMMARY

For a decade, we have admired the incisive and broadly informed works of Ladislav Tondl on the foundations of science. Now it is indeed a pleasure to include this book among the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. We hope that it will help to deepen the collaborative scholarยญ ship of scientists and philosophers in Czechoslovakia with the Englishยญ reading scholars of the world. Professor Ladislav Tondl was born in 1924, and completed his higher education at the Charles University iIi Prague. His doctorate was granted by the Institute of Information Theory and Automation. He was a professor and scientific research worker at the Institute for the Theory and Methodology of Science, which was a component part of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. Tondl's principal fields of interest are the methodology of the empirical and experimental sciences, logical semantics, and cybernetics. For many years, he collaborated with Professor Albert Perez and others at the Institute of Information Theory and Automation in Prague, and he has undertaken fruitful collaboration with logicians in the Soviet and Polish schools, and been influenced by the Finnish logicians as well, among them Jaakko Hintikka. We list below a selection of his main publications. Perhaps the most accessible in presenting his central conception of the relationship between modem information theory and the methodology of the sciences is his 1965 paper with Perez, 'On the Role of Information Theory in Certain Scientific Procedures'


CONTENT

I. The Concept of โ{128}{152}Scienceโ{128}{153} as Cognitive Activity -- 1. Aspects of the Concept of Science -- 2. The Goals of Science as Cognitive Activity sui generis -- 3. Scientific Cognition as the Solution of Problems -- II. On the Approach to Models of Scientific Procedures -- 1. Scientific Procedures as Operations with Data -- 2. The Metatheoretical Character of the Analysis of Scientific Procedures -- 3. The Finitistic Approach -- III. The Empirical Basis and the Analysis of โ{128}{152}Universe of Discourseโ{128}{153} -- 1. Schemata of the Analysis -- 2. The Communication Model and the Problem of Scientific Empiricism -- 3. The Universe and the Language Used -- IV. Concepts of The Language of Science -- 1. Names, Descriptions and Statements -- 2. Predicates -- 3. The Classification of Predicates in the Language of Science: Qualitative, Comparative and Quantitative Predicates -- 4. The Classification of Predicates: Empirical, Dispositional and Theoretical Predicates -- 5. Similarity and Identification of Objects -- V. Scientific Explanation -- 1. Problem-Solving Situations and Questions in Science -- 2. The Concepts of โ{128}{152}Explanationโ{128}{153} and โ{128}{152}Scientific Explanationโ{128}{153} -- 3. The Typology of Scientific Explanation -- 4. Scientific Laws and Their Evaluation -- 5. Scientific Explanation and Decision-Making -- 6. Explanation and Prediction


Philosophy Philosophy and science Philosophy Philosophy of Science



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