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TitleThe Reception of Darwinism in the Iberian World [electronic resource] : Spain, Spanish America and Brazil / edited by Thomas F. Glick, Miguel Angel Puig-Samper, Rosaura Ruiz
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 2001
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0602-6
Descript XII, 283 p. online resource

SUMMARY

I Twenty-five years ago, at the Conference on the Comparative Reception of Darwinism held at the University of Texas in 1972, only two countries of the Iberian world-Spain and Mexico-were represented.' At the time, it was apparent that the topic had attracted interest only as regarded the "mainstream" science countries of Western Europe, plus the United States. The Eurocentric bias of professional history of science was a fact. The sea change that subsequently occurred in the historiography of science makes 1972 appear something like the antediluvian era. Still, we would like to think that that meeting was prescient in looking beyond the mainstream science countries-as then perceived-in order to test the variation that ideas undergo as they pass from center to periphery. One thing that the comparative study of the reception of ideas makes abundantly clear, however, is the weakness of the center/periphery dichotomy from the perspective of the diffusion of scientific ideas. Catholics in mainstream countries, for example, did not handle evolution much better than did their corre1igionaries on the fringes. Conversely, Darwinians in Latin America were frequently better placed to advance Darwin's ideas in a social and political sense than were their fellow evolutionists on the Continent. The Texas meeting was also a marker in the comparative reception of scientific ideas, Darwinism aside. Although, by 1972, scientific institutions had been studied comparatively, there was no antecedent for the comparative history of scientific ideas


CONTENT

Preface -- One: The Reception Of Darwinism -- Marcelo Montserrat/The Evolutionist Mentality in Argentina:An Ideology of Progress -- Thomas F. Glick/ The Reception of Darwinism in Uruguay -- Pedro M. Pruna Goodgall/ Biological Evolutionism in Cuba at the End of the Nineteenth Century -- Heloisa Maria Bertol Domingues And Magali Romero Sร{129}/The Introduction of Darwinism in Brazil -- Marcos Cueto/Natural History, High-Altitude Physiology and Evolutionary Ideas in Peru -- Francisco Pelayo/Repercussions of Evolutionism in the Spanish Natural History Society -- Susana Pinar/Darwinism and Botany: The Acceptance of Darwinian Concepts in Nineteenth-Century Spanish Botanical Studies -- Miguel ร{129}ngel Puig-Samper/Darwinism in Spanish Physical Anthropology -- Two: Eugenics, Degeneration And Social Darwinism -- Laura Suร{129}rex Y Lร{147}pezยกยชGuazo/The Mexican Eugenics Society: Racial Selection and Improvement -- Armando Garcร{141}a Gonzalez/Darwinism, Eugenics and Mendelism in Cuban Biological Education: 1900-1959 -- Ricardo Campos MARร{141}N And Rafael Huertas/The Theory of Degeneration in Spain (1886-1920) -- Alvaro Girร{147}n/The Moral Economy of Nature: Darwinism and the Struggle for Life in Spanish Anarchism (1882-1914) -- Marta Irurozqui/ โ{128}{156}Desvรญo al Paraรญsoโ{128}{157}: Citizenship and Social Darwinism in Bolivia, 1880-1920 -- Three: Theoretical Perspectives -- Thomas F. Glick And Mark G. Henderson/The Scientific and Popular Receptions of Darwin, Freud, and Einstein: Toward an Analytical History of the Diffusion of Scientific Ideas -- Rosaura Ruiz And Franscisco J. Ayala/Darwinism: Its Hard Core


History Evolutionary biology Social sciences History History general Social Sciences general Evolutionary Biology



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