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TitleArguing about science
Author edited by, Alexander Bird, and James Ladyman
Imprint New York : Routledge, 2013
Descript xii, 795 p. : ill. ; 25 cm

SUMMARY

Arguing About Science is an outstanding, engaging introduction to the essential topics in philosophy of science, edited by two leading experts in the field. This exciting and innovative anthology contains a selection of classic and contemporary readings that examine a broad range of issues, from classic problems such as scientific reasoning; causation; and scientific realism, to more recent topics such as science and race; forensic science; and the scientific status of medicine.
The editors bring together some of the most influential contributions of famous philosophers in the field, including John Stuart Mill and Karl Popper, as well as more recent extracts from philosophers and scientists such as Ian Hacking, Stephen Jay Gould, Bas van Fraassen, Nancy Cartwright, and John Worrall. The anthology is organised into nine clear sections: science, non science and pseudo-science ; race, gender and science ; scientific reasoning ; scientific explanation ; laws and causation ; science and medicine ; probability and forensic science ; risk, uncertainty and science policy ; scientific realism and anti-realism.
The articles chosen are clear, interesting, and free from unnecessary jargon. The editors provide lucid introductions to each section in which they provide an overview of the debate, as well as suggestions for further reading. -- From back cover


CONTENT

Introduction / Alexander Bird & James Ladyman -- Part 1: What is Science? -- 1. Science: Conjectures and Refutations / Karl Popper -- 2. Is Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Pseudo-Scientific by Karl Popper's Criterion of Demarcation? / Adolf Grünbaum -- 3. The Mismeasure of Man / Stephen Jay Gould -- 4. Objectivity, Value Judgement and Theory Choice / Thomas Kuhn -- Part 2: Science, Race and Gender -- 5. Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them To Be / Sally Haslanger -- 6. The Battle of the Sexes Revisited / Helena Cronin -- 7. Beyond the Gene but Beneath the Skin / Evelyn Fox Keller -- 8. Towards a Critical Theory of "Race" / Lucius T. Outlaw -- 9. Race: Biological Reality or Social Construct? / Robin O. Andreason -- 10. On the New Biology of Race / Joshua M. Glasgow -- 11. What Went Wrong: Reflections on Science by Observation and The Bell Curve / Clark Glymour -- Part 3: Scientific Reasoning -- 12. Induction / Peter Lipton -- 13. The Corroboration of Theories / Hilary Putnam -- 14. A System of Logic / John Stuart Mill -- 15. Of certain Characteristics of Scientific Induction / William Whewell -- 16. Waves and Scientific Method / Peter Achinstein -- 17. Notes on Bayesian Confirmation Theory / Michael Strevens -- Part 4: Explanation -- 18. Scientific Explanation / Wesley C. Salmon -- 19. The Pragmatics of Explanation / Bas Van Fraassen -- 20. Explanation / Peter Lipton -- Part 5: Laws and Causation Laws of Nature / Fred. I. Dretske -- 21. What are laws of nature? / Bas Van Fraassen -- 22. Natural Laws and the Problem of Provisos / Marc Lange -- 23. Causal Laws and Effective Strategies / Nancy Cartwright -- Part 6: Science and Medicine -- 24. Why Medicine Cannot Be a Science / Ronald Munson -- 25. Philosophy of Medicine / Kenneth F. Schaffner -- 26. Hierarchy of Evidence School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield -- 27. What Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine / John Worrall -- Part 7: Probability in Action: Forensic Science -- 28. Interpretation of Statistical Evidence in Criminal Trials: The Prosecutor's Fallacy and the Defense Attorney's Fallacy / William C. Thompson & Edward L. Schumannt -- 29. Sudden Infant Death or Murder? A Royal Confusion About Probabilities / Neven Sesardic -- Part 8: Risk, Uncertainty and Science Policy -- 30. Formulating the Precautionary Principle / Neil A. Manson -- 31. Five Charges Against the Precautionary Principle / Per Sandin, Martin Peterson, Sven Ove Hansson, Chrstina Ruden, and Andre Juthe -- 32. Risk and ethics: three approaches / Sven Ove Hansson -- Part 9: Scientific Realism and Antirealism -- 33. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory / Pierre Duhem -- 34. The Theories of Modern Physics / Henri Poincare -- 35. Objectivity of Science / Henri Poincare -- 36. A confutation of convergent realism / Larry Laudan -- 37. Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism / Bas Van Fraassen -- 38. Experimentation and Scientific Realism / Ian Hacking -- 39. Structural realism: The best of both worlds? / John Worrall


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