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AuthorLee, Erika
TitleAt America's gates [electronic resource] : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943 / Erika Lee
Imprint Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c2003
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Descript 331 p. : ill. 24 cm


Introduction -- PART I: CLOSING THE GATES: The Chinese are coming: how can we stop them? : Chinese exclusion and the origins of American gatekeeping -- The keepers of the gate: U.S. immigration officials and Chinese exclusion -- PART II: AT AMERICA'S GATES: Exclusion Acts: Race, class, gender, and citizenship in the enforcement of the exclusion laws -- One hundred kinds of oppressive laws: the Chinese response to American exclusion -- PART III: CRACKS IN THE GATE: Enforcing the borders: Chinese exclusion along the U.S.-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican borders -- The crooked path: Chinese illegal immigration and its consequences -- PART IV: THE CONSEQUENCES AND LEGACIES OF EXCLUSION: In the shadow of exclusion: The impact of exclusion on the Chinese in America -- EPILOGUE: Echoes of exclusion in the late Twentieth Century -- AFTERWORD: Following September 11, 2001

Chinese Americans -- Social conditions -- 19th century Chinese Americans -- Social conditions -- 20th century Chinese Americans -- Legal status laws etc. -- History Immigrants -- United States -- History -- 19th century Immigrants -- United States -- History -- 20th century United States -- Emigration and immigration -- History China -- Emigration and immigration -- History United States -- Emigration and immigration -- Government policy United States -- Race relations Electronic books.


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