การใช้พื้นที่ภายในห้องชุดเอนกประสงค์ขนาดเล็กระดับราคาปานกลาง : กรณีศึกษา โครงการ A และ โครงการ B / ชุติมา ธนิสสรานนท์ = Space utilization in small medium-priced studio condominiums : a case study of project a and B. / Chutima Thanissaranont
The present study aims to gather information on the general characteristics and space utilization patterns of small medium-priced studio condominium residents. Data collected from two condominium projects in the Lad Prao area were used as guidelines for the improvement of floor planning in such studio condominiums. The research instruments comprised a structured interview and photographs taken from 44 sample studios. Most of the participants, the studios’ owners, are professional singles, aged between 26-45 years, with a monthly family income of 10,000-40,000 baht and approximately a two-year length of residency. The participants’ use of the space available was divided among four functional areas: 21.75 sq.m. living space, 4.07 sq.m. bathroom, 3.54 sq.m. kitchenette, and 2.23 sq.m. balcony. In comparing the condominium living standards mandated by the National Housing Department of Thailand, and the Office of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, D.C., it was found that three of the four functional sections : the living space, bathroom, and balcony, are larger than required. The kitchenette/pantry is the only section that is smaller than the requirement. Space utilization time fell into two different patterns: evenings and nights on weekdays and whole-days on weekends. Most of the subjects preferred fully furnished condominium units ready for a “one-bag” move-in. The furniture procured by the entrepreneurs usually included the following ten items : one king-sized bed, two bedside cabinets, a closet, one three-seated couch, a coffee table, a TV stand, kitchen countertops with a sink, hanging storage, a bathroom set (basin, wood cabinet, toilet bowl and sprayer, bath seat and shower) . The appliances provided the following 5 items : home automation, one air-conditioners, an electric burners, a kitchen ventilator and one glass partition separating wet and dry areas. Based on the research findings, it is suggested that the floor plan of 30-40 sq.m. studio condominiums. Priced from one to three million baht, should incorporate four areas listed in the order of functional necessity as follows: living space, bathroom, kitchenette, and balcony. Besides the kitchen and bathroom sets, fully furnished condominiums should consist of the following eight items of furniture, arranged in the order of functional necessity : one bed, one shoe rack, a Japanese-style table, on appropriately-sized cushioned sofa, a ceiling-high two-meter-wide closet, on TV stand/entertainment center, a vertical storage, and one under-bathroom-sink cabinet. The appliances should include eight items, arranged in the order of functional necessity as follows : one hot-water machine, one refrigerator, a television, an air conditioner, a clothes-drying rack, one electric fan, a mattress, and one partition/shower curtain. Four furniture design functions are desirable : movability, adjustability, verticality, and proportion in terms of space or number of residents.