พัฒนาการการแปลอาชญนิยายชุดเชอร์ล็อก โฮมส์ตั้งแต่สมัยรัชกาลที่ 5 จนถึงปัจจุบัน / พนิดา หล่อเลิศรัตน์ = The development of the translation of Sherlock Holmes stories from the reing of King Chulalongkorn to the present / Panida Lorlertratna
Since his debut in 1887, the British sleuth named Sherlock Holmes, one of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's literary creations, has enjoyed great popularity among audiences worldwide. His 56 short stories and 4 novels, namely the Canon, have been translated into over 60 languages, one among which is Thai. As a result, the researcher has come to realize the need to gather all of the information concerning the translations of Sherlock Holmes stories from the time they first appeared in Thailand until the present. This would hopefully shed some light on the development of their translations. To that end, the researcher has chosen to conduct an analytical and comparative study of "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," collected in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, and its 5 Thai translations. Using the translation theories of Walaya Wiwatsorn, Katharina Reiss, Hans Vermeer, and Andre Lefevere as a framework, the researcher has concluded that the translations of "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," along with other Sherlock Holmes stories, can be divided into three modes: adaptation (during the reign of King Chulalongkorn), rearrangement (during the reigns of King Vajiravuth and King Prajadhipok), and translation (from the reign of King Ananda to the present). Each mode is influenced by three contributing factors-patronage, poetics, and ideology, which have, in turn, been continually affected by the education reform launched by King Chulalongkorn (1868-1910). This has consequently confirmed the hypothesis earlier formed by the researcher. In addition to the confirmation, the researcher has made a finding concerning the development of Thai detective stories. That is, in contrast to the widely held belief, the collection titled "Sueb Sup Pa Karn," which made its first appearance in the Vachirayarnviset Weekly, instead of Nithan Thong-In, written by King Vachiravuth (1910-1925), is actually the first collection of detective stories ever penned by Thai authors.