การบริหารโครงการก่อสร้างแบบเร่งรัด ที่มีผลต่อกระบวนการออกแบบทางสถาปัตยกรรมในโครงการขนาดใหญ่ของภาครัฐ : กรณีศึกษาโครงการของการบินไทย ณ ท่าอากาศยานสุวรรณภูมิ / พรทิพย์ ดำรงรักษ์ธรรม = Effects of fast track project management on the architectural design process of state mega-projects : a case study of Thai Airways' projects at Suvarnabhumi Airport / Porntip Damrongraktham
As time is an inportant factor to be considered in construction work, fast track project management has been developed to reduce project time. Although a large number of architects are involved in this type of project management, they still lack necessary experience and knowledge. Also, there have been disputes over its effects on the architectural design process. This study has been conducted to examine principles and theories and theories of fast track project management and architectural design process; to explore the architectural design process of fast track projects; to investigate the effects of fast track project management on the architectural design process; and also to offer guidelines for reducing such effects. Data were collected from a literature review and interviews with architects and project consultants. The findings of the study are as follows. Architects involved in fast track projects must have knowledge and expertise in both architecture and engineering. Moreover, they need to integrate their abilities in making predictions with those in coordination. As for the architectural design process, there are seven major groups of factors influencing the process: objectives, physical and environment, methods and management, human resources, laws and regulations, other factors and from this study, coordination in terms of information. There are also seven major groups of problems and twenty minor problems in different stages of the architectural design process. Be careful, First, there is delay in information processing during the inception report and conceptual design stage. Second, there are few design alternatives at the conceptual design stage. Also, knowledgeable and highly skilled architects are lacking. Third, during preliminary design stage, design details have not been thoroughly examined. In addition, the design is difficult to modify, and the transfer of work is not well coordinated during this stage. Fourth, there are often problems with regards to calculation and design change duringthe bidding stage. Last, at the construction design stage, there are often problems like design change and the quality of the work are lacking. The research findings indicate that fast track projects require architects who are highly knowledgeable and specialized in the concept. It also requires an appropriate procurement system for decision-making to be faster, the management of construction budget, which often exceeds the budget of an ordinary project, is more flexible, and the project management is most effective given the time constraint.