การพัฒนาระบบสารสนเทศสภาพแวดล้อมทางกายภาพสำหรับสาขาศิลปะ และการออกแบบในระดับอุดมศึกษา / ไพกานท์ รักษาสุทธิพันธ์ = The development of physical environmental information system for art and design in higher education / Paikarn Raksasutiphan
The purposes of the research were 1. to study the present situation, problems and need of physical environment in Arts and Design Programs, 2. to analyze the factors of physical environment in Art and Design fields of study, 3. to develop the information system and standard of physical environment for Art and Design Programs. Population in this study consisted of dean, head of department, lecturer and student. Samples consisted of 6 institutes, which offered Arts and Design fields in 2004. The samples for surveying form were 24 heads of department. The samples for questionnaires form were 472 persons consisted of 30 heads of department, 168 lecturers and 274 students. The samples for interviewing form were 12 deans. Research tools were present environment physical survey form, questionnaires form and interviewing form. Statistical analysis were percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and factor analysis. The research results indicated: 1. The present physical environment in Art and Design fields provides lecture rooms and workshops based on the number of received students. The problems were the lacking of space and high ratio of students per faculty staff while the suitable sizes of lecture room for these fields were 30 persons and 60 persons respectively. 2 The physical environment education factors consisted of nine variables: 1) Philosophy, 2) Curriculum, 3) Organization and Administration, 4) Faculty and Staff, 5) Instruction Management, 6) Student, 7) Equipment, 8) Budgeting ,and 9)Building Area. The physical environment architectural factors were Function, Form, Technology and Economy and User's Need. 3. The physical environmental information system for Art and Design Programs was divided into 4 parts as follow: 1. Input consisted of nine education factors, four architectural factors and user's need. 2. The process using Architectural Programming Process and Drawing Revised Control Standard which were the agree-praticapant measure. Moreover the process had to be in Term of References and MasterPlan which decreased the major amendment. 3. Output was the physical environmental information on system for Art and Design Programs and Physical Environmental Standard. 4.Outcome was the Physical Environmental for Arts and Design Programs owing to terms of reference and master plan, creating of concurrent learning among fields of study; promoting learners' center for studying at any time. The standard for lecture room and workshop room data. For basic and advanced design workshop area should be 5.00 sq.m. per person, Painting and Sculpture workshop area should be 4.00 sq.m. and 6.00 sq.m. per person respectively and the data of special workshop educational equipment was obtained. The result of the study shows the physical environment information system for Arts and Design fields, which can also be used as a guideline for other field of Arts.