งานตรวจสอบสภาพอาคารด้านสถาปัตยกรรม เพื่อการป้องกันและระงับอัคคีภัย กรณีอาคารสูง ประเภทอาคารสำหรับใช้เพื่อกิจการธุรกรรมบริการหรือสำนักงาน / ประทีป แสงนิล = Building inspection of architectural aspects for fire prevention and fire protection case : high-rise office building / Prateep Sangnin
The third Building Control Act 2000 requires owners of some types of buildings to have an engineering or architectural inspector examine the architectural aspects for their buildings as part of fire prevention and protection. However, most architects nowadays do not possess the skills and knowledge necessary for such a purpose. The objectives of this study are to explore and summarize principles and concepts of architectural work, to examine past practices on inspections of the architectural aspects of high-rise office buildings for fire prevention and protection, to tender recommendations on inspections for fire prevention and protection, and to propose an inspection report form to be used as a tool in the inspection process. A literature review was conducted on principles and theories pertaining to fundamental knowledge of fire accidents, laws and standards, architectural work, and safety inspections. The data were gathered on the actual inspections of the architectural aspects of high-rise office buildings for fire prevention and protection in the past. However, the report on the actual inspections was done without safety levels evaluated. Recommendations were made accordingly, and an inspection report form was also developed. The research results are as follows. High-rise office buildings with different area structures classified on the bases of use, unused space, and location require different fore prevention and protection measures. For these buildings, inspections need to be conducted in all areas, both exterior and interior, considering principles of safety from fire accidents in relation to the architectural design of the buildings. The issues that need special attention are a change in the use of buildings and/or unused space resulting from a change in the use because these affect a change in the need for fire prevention or protection, especially factors life the chance of fire accidents, evacuation, tools and equipment appropriate for different area structures. In addition, an inspection report formneeds to be clear and objective with a record made based on related safety measures. Therefore, data on fire prevention and protection measures for high-rise office buildings should be collected and analyzed in order that the results can be used to determine necessary measures, particularly in terms of efficiency rather than the area structures of buildings.