การศึกษาระดับความสามารถด้านการวาดภาพของเด็กอายุ 10-12 ปี ตามเกณฑ์ของคล้าก / ปัทมา วรรณสิน = A study of drawing ability levels of children ages ten to twelve years old base on Clark criteria / Pattama Wannasin
The purpose of this research was to study the drawing ability levels of children ages 10-12 years based on Clark criteria. The sampling group included 30 children aged 10-12 years, studying in pratom suksa 5-6. The research instruments were 1) Clark's drawing ability test (CDAT) 2) a set of scoring criteria scale approaching by Clark criteria 3) the behavior observable drawing form 4) a set of questionnaires concerning state and background of children. The data were analyzed by means of arithmetics means, standard deviations, percentages, and frequencies. The research findings were: 1) According to the CDAT drawing, it was found that the means of the drawing ability level of house drawing was the highest (57.6 percent) and later the fantasy/imagination drawing (57.2 percent), the drawing of a group of people in playground (51 percent), and the drawing of running fast person (49.8 percent). According to the evaluation of CDAT drawings, the means of drawing ability was as the average level. 2) According to the consideration of the scoring criteria scale based on CDAT criteria, it was found that means of the technical characteristic of problem solving skill was the highest (58 percent). The least means score was the sensory characteristic of making tone and value skills (40.2 percent). In conclusion, all skills of drawing ability were as the average criteria level. 3) As observation of children's behavior drawing, it was found that the most children had ability to draw fluently (66.9 percent) and had ability to finish their drawing within time (79.9 percent). Most children had discussed during drawing (64.2 percent) and children compared their drawing with the others (53.3 percent). 4) According to the questionnaires concerning state and background of children, it was found that they liked drawing and painting most (50 percent). Most of children (43.3 percentages) evaluated their drawing ability as good level. The children's opinions of CDAT were as following; most children liked drawing a fantasy/imagination item (50 percent). The most difficult drawing was the drawing of a group of people in playground (36.6 percent). Children would like to have more drawing instruction of man, animal and creature (43.3 percent).