การพัฒนากระบวนการส่งเสริมความสามารถในการเรียนรู้แบบนำตนเองของครู : การวิจัยแบบพหุกรณีศึกษา / ศิรินันท์ สามัญ = A development of the process for enhancing teachers' self-directed learning ability : a multi-case study research / Sirinan Saman
The purposes of this study were to develop the process for enhancing teachers' self-directed learning ability and to evaluate the process. The development of the process enhancing teachers' self-directed learning ability was carried out by 1) developing the process (draft) based-on theories, principles, and related studies 2) implementing the process with 9 teachers and collecting data to improve the process. The implementation took 14 weeks. The selected cases were teachers teaching at the basic education level in 5 learning areas; science, mathematics, Thai language, English language and social studies, religion and culture. They were teachers in a public primary school, a public secondary school and a private school under the jurisdiction of Educational Service Office Samutprakarn Area 1. The instruments for data collection were self-directed learning readiness scale, self-directed learning ability rubrics, interview form, classroom observation form and a questionnaire. For quantitative data analysis, means, standard deviation and frequency were used while qualitative data were analyzed through content analysis, and analytical induction. The findings were : 1. The process enhancing teachers' self-directed learning ability consisted of 4 principles; 1) freedom 2) participation 3) experiential learning and 4) coaching and supervising, and the process of 7 steps; 1) building teachers learning readiness 2) helping teachers to analyze their own problem 3) fostering awareness and understanding of teachers in self-directed learning 4) helping teachers learn to identify their own learning needs and to set plan 5) stimulating teachers to perform according to their plan 6) supervising and coaching as needed and 7) evaluating and giving feedback to teachers. 2. The results from the implementation of the process were : 2.1 The average score of self-directed learning ability of every teacher was 38 percent higher in all aspects after participating in the developed process. 2.2 The average score of self-directed learning attributes of every teacher was 15.72 percent higher in all aspects after participating in the developed process. 2.3 The self-directed projects of 7 teachers were evaluated at "very good" level and those of 2 teachers were at "good" level. 2.4 More than 80 percents of teachers participating in the developed process reported that the process was considerably appropriate and fruitful for professional development.