มาตรการการค้าเสรีและการคุ้มครองทางการค้า : กรณีศึกษา กฎระเบียบ นโยบายเกี่ยวกับอุตสาหกรรมรถยนต์ในประเทศไทย / ทิพย์วรรณ วรรณโสภณ = Measures on trade liberalization and protectionism : a case study of laws, regulations and policy pertainning to the automobile industry in Thailand / Tipwan Wannasophon
Currently, the world economic system is proceeding under the frame of trade liberalization but, to some extent protection of domestic automobile industry is allowed. The automobile industry in Thailand is one of several industries which are affected by trade liberalization. Since the laws, regulations and policy of the Thai government do not adequately promote the competitiveness of its automobile industry on tax, labor, etc. The purpose of this thesis is to point out shortfalls and weakness of the aforementioned laws, regulations and policy and to make the suggestions. The study classifies problems into 3 categories: factory operation, production process and distribution process. Its important results are: at beginning, the government gave protectionism with the automobile industry and recently it has promoted trade liberalization by regardless of adjustment , some laws were changed to persuade new foreign producers while some domestic producers are still unsuitable for competition. For production process, the government tries to urge trade liberalization in ASEAN rapidly but unsuccessful and does not Increase productivity for the auto-parts industry. For distribution process, the export problems are pertaining to the different product standards and the domestic problems are concerning with the excise tax such as uncertain excise tax rate, many of auto types, much of different excise tax rate, powers of some producers. Therefore, to promote competitiveness of the automobile industry in Thailand, the government must keep many competitors and fair competition in regard to (1) supporting auto producers to increase productivity such as consultation, low interest rate fund (2) increasing productivity of auto-parts producers and labors such as production technology developing, labors’ ability and (3) promoting abroad and domestic distribution by admitting mutual product standards with other countries, decreasing a gap of excise tax rate and defining only main auto types etc.