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Three Centuries of Conflict in East Timor

Studies history, recurrent mass violence, and post conflict reconstruction in East Timor, focusing on the Maubara district. Narrates the background of Maubara as a part of maritime trade and territorial exchange between Netherlands and Portugal in 1859. Outlines the arrival of Dutch East India Company, recurrent violence under Portuguese rule from 1859 to1974, vassalage and violence during 1861—1887, and the uprising to seek for Dutch protection leading to devastating military operations against indigenous people in 1893. Explores the colonialization, political and economic transformation in Maubara from mid-1890’s until the end of Portuguese rule in 1970s. Examines the kingdom occupied by Indonesia from 1974 to1998, and its independence from 1999 to 2012 along with serious crimes and political conflicts.