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AuthorSchultz, Vincent. author
TitleRadioecological Techniques [electronic resource] / by Vincent Schultz, F. Ward Whicker
ImprintBoston, MA : Springer US, 1982
Connect tohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4034-8
Descript 310 p. 74 illus. online resource

SUMMARY

During the twenty years the authors have been associated with the field of radiation ecology, there has been a diversified and increasing use of radionuclides in applied and basic biological research. Prior to the advent of the atomic age in the 1940s the use of radionuclides as tracers was initiated, and following that period one observed a dramatically increased use in many disciplines. Concurrent with this increase there appeared many books and articles on radionuclide techยญ niques useful to biologists in general. Although only a few ecological applications were evident in these early years, ecologists were quick to see the opportunities available in their field. In the United States, major centers for such activities included Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the U. S. Atomic Energy Comยญ mission's Savannah River Plant. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory Dr. Stanley I. Auerbach, director of ecological activities, encouraged with remarkable sucยญ cess the use of tracers by his associates. Dr. Eugene P. Odum had the foresight to see that radionuclide tracers provided the means to solve many problems of interest to ecologists. Consequently, his research included some unique radioยญ tracer applications at the Savannah River Plant. In addition he encouraged others involved in ecological activities at the Savannah River Plant to do likewise. Ecologists such as Dr. Robert C. Pendleton at the U. S. Atomic Energy Comยญ mission's Hanford Works applied radionuclides in their research. To these early investigators and to those who followed we owe the oppportunity to write this book


CONTENT

1. Introduction -- 1.1. General Comments -- 1.2. Relevant Literature -- 2. Dating Techniques -- 2.1. General Comments -- 2.2. Methods and Applications -- 3. Neutron Activation -- 3.1. General Comments -- 3.2. Applications -- 4. Autoradiography -- 4.1. General Comments -- 4.2. Applications -- 5. Radiation Sources and Dosimeters -- 5.1. General Comments -- 5.2. Radiation Sources -- 5.3. Dosimeters and Dosimetry -- 6. Behavioral Studies -- 6.1. General Comments -- 6.2. Invertebrates -- 6.3. Vertebrates -- 7. Hydrological Studies -- 7.1. General Comments -- 7.2. Sediment Movement -- 7.3. Water Movement -- 7.4. Soil-Moisture Determination -- 8. Physiological Studies -- 8.1. General Comments -- 8.2. Terrestrial Organisms -- 8.3. Aquatic Organisms -- 9. Primary-Productivity Determination -- 9.1. General Comments -- 9.2. Carbon-14 -- 10. Cycling Studies -- 10.1. General Comments -- 10.2. The Organism -- 10.3. The Ecosystem -- 11. Miscellaneous Techniques and Equipment -- 11.1. Environmental Pollutants -- 11.2. Sterile-Male Method of Insect Control -- 11.3. Other Techniques -- Appendix: Physical Characteristics of Radionuclides Discussed in This Volume -- Literature Cited -- Additional Readings


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