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AuthorFornage, Bruno D. author
TitleUltrasonography of Muscles and Tendons [electronic resource] : Examination Technique and Atlas of Normal Anatomy of the Extremities / by Bruno D. Fornage
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York, 1989
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Descript IX, 231 p. online resource


Sonography is an ideal real-time imaging technique for the evaluation of muscles and tendons of the extremities, and this book is a useful reference for both the technique of examination and normal ultrasound anatomy. The first part considers technical aspects of the examination such as sonographic equipment, water-path systems, and dynamic maneuvers. The basic sonographic patterns of normal muscles, tendons, and other components of the extremities are then presented. Emphasis has been placed on pitfalls and artifacts. The other available imaging techniques for muscles and tendons are also discussed. The second part comprises an atlas of normal ultrasound scans of shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand, thigh, knee, leg, ankle, and foot, with accompanying explanatory line drawings


I. Technique of Sonographic Examination and General Considerations on Ultrasound Normal Anatomy -- 1 Anatomic Considerations -- 2 Technique for Sonography of Muscles and Tendons of the Extremities -- 3 Normal Ultrasound Anatomy of Muscles -- 4 Normal Ultrasound Anatomy of Tendons -- 5 Artifacts and Pitfalls in Sonography of Muscles and Tendons -- 6 Sonographic Patterns of the Other Anatomic Components of the Extremities -- 7 Other Imaging Techniques for Muscles and Tendons -- II. Atlas of Ultrasound Scans of the Extremities -- List of Abbreviations -- A Upper Extremity -- Shoulder -- Arm, Upper Third -- Arm, Midthird -- Arm, Lower Third -- Elbow -- Forearm, Upper Third -- Forearm, Midthird -- Forearm, Lower Third -- Wrist -- Hand -- B Lower Extremity -- Thigh, Upper Third -- Thigh, Midthird -- Thigh, Lower Third -- Knee, Patellar Tendon -- Knee, Popliteal Fossa -- Knee, Other Scans -- Leg, Upper Third -- Leg, Midthird -- Leg, Lower Third -- Leg, Achilles Tendon -- Foot

Medicine Radiology Rheumatology Orthopedics Rehabilitation Sports medicine Medicine & Public Health Ultrasound Conservative Orthopedics Sports Medicine Rheumatology Rehabilitation


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