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AuthorRosenbaum, Paul R. author
TitleObservational Studies [electronic resource] / by Paul R. Rosenbaum
ImprintNew York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer, 1995
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Descript XV, 231 p. online resource


An observational study is an empirical investigation of the effects of treatments, policies, or exposures. It differes from an experiment in that the investigator cannot control the assignments of treatments to subjects. Scientists across a wide range of disciplines undertake such studies, and the aim of this book is to provide a sound statistical account of the principles and methods for the design and analysis of observational studies. Readers are assumed to have a working knowledge of basic probability and statistics, but otherwise the account is reasonably self-contained. Throughout there are extended discussions of actual observational studies to illustrate the ideas discussed. These are drawn from topics as diverse as smoking and lung cancer, lead in children, nuclear weapons testing, and placement programs for students. As a result, many researchers involved in observational studes will find this an invaluable companion to their work


1 Observational Studies -- 2 Randomized Experiments -- 3 Overt Bias in Observational Studies -- 4 Sensitivity to Hidden Bias -- 5 Known Effects -- 6 Multiple Reference Groups in Case-Referent Studies -- 7 Multiple Control Groups -- 8 Coherence and Focused Hypotheses -- 9 Constructing Matched Sets and Strata -- 10 Some Strategic Issues

Statistics Statistics Statistics general


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