Author | Karr, Alan F. author |
---|---|

Title | Probability [electronic resource] / by Alan F. Karr |

Imprint | New York, NY : Springer New York : Imprint: Springer, 1993 |

Connect to | http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-0891-4 |

Descript | XXI, 283 p. online resource |

SUMMARY

This book is a text at the introductory graduate level, for use in the oneยญ semester or two-quarter probability course for first-year graduate students that seems ubiquitous in departments of statistics, biostatistics, mathematยญ ical sciences, applied mathematics and mathematics. While it is accessiยญ ble to advanced ("mathematically mature") undergraduates, it could also serve, with supplementation, for a course on measure-theoretic probability. Students who master this text should be able to read the "hard" books on probability with relative ease, and to proceed to further study in statistics or stochastic processes. This is a book to teach from. It is not encyclopredic, and may not be suitable for all reference purposes. Pascal once apologized to a correspondent for having written a long letter, saying that he hadn't the time to write a short one. I have tried to write a short book, which is quite deliberately incomplete, globally and locally. Many topics, including at least one of everyone's favorites, are omitted, among them, infinite divisibility, interchangeability, large deviaยญ tions, ergodic theory and the Markov property. These can be supplied at the discretion and taste of instructors and students, or to suit particular interests

CONTENT

Prelude: Random Walks -- The Model -- Issues and Approaches -- Functional of the Random Walk -- Limit Theorems -- Summary -- 1 Probability -- 1.1 Random Experiments and Sample Spaces -- 1.2 Events and Classes of Sets -- 1.3 Probabilities and Probability Spaces -- 1.4 Probabilities on R -- 1.5 Conditional Probability Given a Set -- 1.6 Complements -- 1.7 Exercises -- 2 Random Variables -- 2.1 Fundamentals -- 2.2 Combining Random Variables -- 2.3 Distributions and Distribution Functions -- 2.4 Key Random Variables and Distributions -- 2.5 Transformation Theory -- 2.6 Random Variables with Prescribed Distributions -- 2.7 Complements -- 2.8 Exercises -- 3 Independence -- 3.1 Independent Random Variables -- 3.2 Functions of Independent Random Variables -- 3.3 Constructing Independent Random Variables -- 3.4 Independent Events -- 3.5 Occupancy Models -- 3.6 Bernoulli and Poisson Processes -- 3.7 Complements -- 3.8 Exercises -- 4 Expectation -- 4.1 Definition and Fundamental Properties -- 4.2 Integrals with respect to Distribution Functions -- 4.3 Computation of Expectations -- 4.4 LP Spaces and Inequalities -- 4.5 Moments -- 4.6 Complements -- 4.7 Exercises -- 5 Convergence of Sequences of Random Variables -- 5.1 Modes of Convergence -- 5.2 Relationships Among the Modes -- 5.3 Convergence under Transformations -- 5.4 Convergence of Random Vectors -- 5.5 Limit Theorems for Bernoulli Summands -- 5.6 Complements -- 5.7 Exercises -- 6 Characteristic Functions -- 6.1 Definition and Basic Properties -- 6.2 Inversion and Uniqueness Theorems -- 6.3 Moments and Taylor Expansions -- 6.4 Continuity Theorems and Applications -- 6.5 Other Transforms -- 6.6 Complements -- 6.7 Exercises -- 7 Classical Limit Theorems -- 7.1 Series of Independent Random Variables -- 7.2 The Strong Law of Large Numbers -- 7.3 The Central Limit Theorem -- 7.4 The Law of the Iterated Logarithm -- 7.5 Applications of the Limit Theorems -- 7.6 Complements -- 7.7 Exercises -- 8 Prediction and Conditional Expectation -- 8.1 Prediction in L2 -- 8.2 Conditional Expectation Given a Finite Set of Random Variables -- 8.3 Conditional Expectation for X?L2 -- 8.4 Positive and Integrable Random Variables -- 8.5 Conditional Distributions -- 8.6 Computational Techniques -- 8.7 Complements -- 8.8 Exercises -- 9 Martingales -- 9.1 Fundamentals -- 9.2 Stopping Times -- 9.3 Optional Sampling Theorems -- 9.4 Martingale Convergence Theorems -- 9.5 Applications of Convergence Theorems -- 9.6 Complements -- 9.7 Exercises -- A Notation -- B Named Objects

Mathematics
Probabilities
Mathematics
Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes