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AuthorRough, Robert H. author
TitleThe Reformist of Illuminations in the Gospels of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany [electronic resource] : A Study in the Art of the Age of Gregory VII / by Robert H. Rough
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 1973
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Descript 64 p. online resource


The Gospels ofMatilda, Countess ofTuscany, is a manuscript written and illuminated in Northern Italy toward the end ofthe eleventh century. A credible fourteenth century document states that it was presented by the Countess to the Benedictine monastery of Polirone, near Mantua. In the manuscript's pictorial cycle, the Cleansing of the Temple and the scenes related to it are iconographically extraยญ ordinary. An understanding of them must begin with a study of their ideological sources, closely related historicfigures, Medieval writers who employed the figure ofthe Cleansing ofthe Temple, and the political-social movement ofthe Patarines. Then the Matilda Gospels' illuminations will stand revealed as the key artistic expression of the Gregorian Reform and as a prime document of some of the most important events and ideas ofthe Middle Ages. II. ART AND THE REFORM OF THE ELEVENTH CENTURY Church reform in the eleventh century was a heroic engageยญ ment. Norman Cantor calls it one of the four great ยซworldยญ revolutionsยป of Western history.! The authority of the papacy, theindependenceofthechurch,andtheveryleadershipofMedieยญ val society were its mortally contested issues critical both to history and to political theory.2 Gregory VII and Matilda of Tuscany were but two of the vivid personalities among its partisans. But in the history ofart the struggle has been nearly invisible


I. Introduction -- II. The Arts and The Reform of the 11th Century -- III. The Textual and Typological Sources of the Cleansing -- IV. Two Historic Personalities: -- 1. Gregory VII -- 2. Countess Matilda -- V. Medieval Commentators on the Cleansing -- 1. Peter Damian -- 2. Humbert of Silva Candida -- 3. Anselm of Lucca -- 4. Bruno of Asti -- VI. The Patarines -- VII. Four Illuminations Related to the Cleansing: -- 1. The Matthew Portrait -- 2. The Arrest of Christ -- 3. The Third Temptation -- 4. The Baptist Preaching -- VIII. Conclusion -- Plates

Religion Religious Studies Religious Studies general


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