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AuthorConklin, William E. author
TitleThe Invisible Origins of Legal Positivism [electronic resource] : A Re-Reading of a Tradition / by William E. Conklin
ImprintDordrecht : Springer Netherlands : Imprint: Springer, 2001
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Descript XI, 350 p. online resource


Conklin's thesis is that the tradition of modern legal positivism, beginning with Thomas Hobbes, postulated different senses of the invisible as the authorising origin of humanly posited laws. Conklin re-reads the tradition by privileging how the canons share a particular understanding of legal language as written. Leading philosophers who have espoused the tenets of the tradition have assumed that legal language is written and that the authorising origin of humanly posited rules/norms is inaccessible to the written legal language. Conklin's re-reading of the tradition teases out how each of these leading philosophers has postulated that the authorising origin of humanly posited laws is an unanalysable externality to the written language of the legal structure. As such, the authorising origin of posited rules/norms is inaccessible or invisible to their written language. What is this authorising origin? Different forms include an originary author, an a priori concept, and an immediacy of bonding between person and laws. In each case the origin is unwritten in the sense of being inaccessible to the authoritative texts written by the officials of civil institutions of the sovereign state. Conklin sets his thesis in the context of the legal theory of the polis and the pre-polis of Greek tribes. The author claims that the problem is that the tradition of legal positivism of a modern sovereign state excises the experiential, or bodily, meanings from the written language of the posited rules/norms, thereby forgetting the very pre-legal authorising origin of the posited norms that each philosopher admits as offering the finality that legal reasoning demands if it is to be authoritative


One: The Positive Law/Natural Law Dichotomy, Aristotle and the Greek Totemic Culture -- 1. The Rise of the Positive Law โ{128}{147} Natural Law Dichotomy -- 2. The Constraint of the Positive Law โ{128}{147} Natural Law Dichotomy -- 3. The Determinative Sense of Natural Laws -- 4. The Exclusionary Character of the Nomos/Physis Dichotomy -- 5. The Figurative Sense of Natural Laws -- 6. The Laws of the Totemic Culture -- 7. The Positive Law โ{128}{147} Natural Law Dichotomy as Suspect -- Two: Invisibility in Modern Legal Thought -- 1. The Invisible Author -- 2. The Invisible as an Inaccessible Immediacy -- 3. The Invisible as an a priori Concept -- 4. The Invisibility of the Absent Origin -- Three: The Tradition of Legal Positivism in Modern Legal Thought -- 1. The Impersonality of Posited Laws -- 2. Is there a Tradition of Legal Positivism? -- 3. Three Inquiries -- 4. The Authorizing Origin of Posited Rules/Norms -- 5. The Problematic of Modem Legal Positivism -- Four: An Invisible Nature: The Origin of Thomas Hobbesโ{128}{153}s Civil Laws -- 1. The Parado -- 2. Why is Language Important? -- 3. Nature as a Condition lacking a Shared Language -- 4. The Actors of a Language -- 5. The Problematic of Hobbesโ{128}{153} Theory of Sovereignty -- 6. The Natural Condition -- 7. The Authority of Written Laws -- 8. Legal Obligation -- 9. The Mythology of Legal Authority -- 10. The Invisible Origin of the Authority of Hobbesโ{128}{153} Civil Laws -- 11. The Forgotten Origin -- Five: Naming the Unnamable: Jean-Jacques Rousseauโ{128}{153}s General Will -- 1. The Author as the General Will -- 2. The Legislature -- 3. Civil Laws as the Expression of the general will -- 4. Naming the Unnamable -- Six: The Habits of the People: The Origin of John Austinโ{128}{153}s Laws Properly So Called -- 1. The Problematic of Austinโ{128}{153}s Theory of Law -- 2. Austinโ{128}{153}s Commentators -- 3. The Excise of the Natural Condition from Civil Society -- 4. The Historical Author -- 5. Is the Historical Authorโ{128}{153}s Authority Unlimited? -- 6. The Inaccessibility of the Will of the People -- 7. Austinโ{128}{153}s Inaccessible Arche -- 8. Who are ̀the Peopleโ{128}{153}? -- 9. The Spirit of ̀the Peopleโ{128}{153} -- Seven: The Invisible Origin of Legal Language: The Grundnorm -- 1. The Impure Origin of the Structure -- 2. An Hypothetical or a Catogorical Origin? -- 3. The Origin as an a priori Concept -- 4. The Invisible Origin of the Authority of Norms -- IChapter Eight: The Forgotten Origin: H.L.A. Hartโ{128}{153}s Sense of the Pre-Legal -- 1. The Rule of Recognition -- 2. The Immediacy and the Statement -- 3. Examples of Hartโ{128}{153}s Distinction between Immediacy and Legal Statements -- 4. Does the Authorizing Origin Pre-exist Primary Rules? -- 5. Is the Authorizing Origin Internal to the Primary and Secondary Rules? -- 6. Is the Authorizing Origin Accessible to Legal Officials? -- 7. The Forgotten Origin -- Nine: Forgetting the Act of Forgetting: Razโ{128}{153}s Inaccessible Origin of Legal Reasoning -- 1. Experiential Bonding as the Origin of the Legal Structure -- 2. The Officialโ{128}{153}s Forgetting of the Experiential Origin -- 3. The Legal Point of View -- 4. The Unwritten Experiential Beliefs -- 5. The Language of the Legal Point of View -- 6. Violence and the Constitution of the Institutions -- 7. The Idealism of Razโ{128}{153}s Legal Reasoning -- 8. Forgetting the Act of Forgetting -- Conclusion: The End of Legal Positivism -- 1. The Finality of the Trace of Auctoritas -- 2. The Invisible Origin -- 3. The Violence of the Juridical Production of the Origin -- 4. The Contradiction -- 5. Forgetting the Origin -- 6. The Crisis -- 7. The End of a Tradition -- 1. Primary Sources -- 2. Secondary Sources

Philosophy Ethics Political science Political philosophy Law -- Philosophy Law Constitutional law Philosophy Philosophy of Law Ethics Theories of Law Philosophy of Law Legal History Political Philosophy Constitutional Law


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