ผลการใช้แผนการจัดการเรียนรู้เรื่องการบรรเลงระนาดเอกและฆ้องวงใหญ่ตามแนวคิดของคาร์ล ออร์ฟ ต่อทักษะการบรรเลงรายบุคคลและการบรรเลงเป็นกลุ่มของนักเรียนประถมศึกษาปีที่ 2 / กีฏะ เพิ่มพูล = The effects of implementing Ranad Ek and Gong Wong Yai lesson plans based on Carl Orff’s approach on individual and ensemble playing skills of second grade students
The objectives of this study were (1) to develop the ranad ek and gong wong yai playing lesson plans and (2) to investigate individual and ensemble playing skills achievement and satisfactory of students. The participants were four classes of second grade students from Chulalongkorn University Demonstration Elementary School (N=148). Two classes were randomly assigned as control group and another two classes as Carl Orff’s approach implementation group. The students’ individual and ensemble playing skills were evaluated at week four, nine, and 14. The student satisfaction survey were also collected at the end of every class. Reflection notes from teachers and students were gathered at the end of every class (Ten times). Descriptive Statistic report were as followed. 1. The lesson plans of both traditional implementation and Carl Orff’s approach implementation received 4.328 out of 5 in lekert scale score (M = 4.328, SD = 0.235), for overall quality evaluation from 9 experts. 2. The average individual playing skill score of students in experimental group (M = 2.599, SD = 0.478) was higher than those of the control group (M = 2.565, SD = 0.612). Similarly, the average ensemble playing skill score of students in experimental group (M = 2.328, SD = 0.419) was higher than those of the control group (M = 2.237, SD = 0.631). 3. The average of satisfaction rate of student in experimental group (M = 7.916, SD = 0.321) was higher than those of the control group (M = 7.658, SD = 0.281).