Large residential buildings carry a risk of fire disaster due to their various functions and activities conducted inside them. Recently, there has been substantial growth in the of construction of this type of building. At present, evacuation routes required for these buildings according to the law are standard and do not correspond to the size of individual buildings which accommodate different numbers of residents. This research has as its objectives to review the laws that are imposed on the design of evacuation routes for large residential buildings at present and also to study theories and regulations practiced overseas. The buildings looked at in the study are categorized into four different groups based on their area size, height, and accommodation capacity. The models are as follows: 1) 12 buildings of the type with rooms on only one side of the corridor inside the building, 2) 11 buildings of the type with rooms on both sides of the corridor, 3) 10 buildings of the type with rooms around the central core of the building. The data was then compared against regulations used overseas and specialists were specifically interviewed. The results provide guidelines for designing evacuation routes that can be followed safely and that correspond to the size of buildings with different accommodation capacities. In conclusion, the design of evacuation routes suitable for the number of people in a residential building should be based on building type separated into the following four groups: 1) a building of 2,000 - 3,999 square meters and of no more than four stories high or less than 15 meters in height, 2) a building of 4,000- 9,999 square meters and of no more than four stories high or less than 15 meters in height, 3) a building of 1,000-3,999 square meters and of over four stories high or 15 to no more than 23 meters in height, 4) a building of 4,000 - 9,999 square meters and of over four stories high or 15 to no more than 23 meters in height. The recommendations for designing evacuation routes in large residential buildings are that the design should correspond to the area size and height of buildings which can accommodate various numbers of people and there should be design alternatives that can be practiced/followed safely. Those concerned should place importance on these issues. In addition, there should be further research into guidelines for designing evacuation routes in extra large or tall buildings, and buildings with other functionalities.