การใช้พื้นที่ภายนอกอาคารในชุมชนอยู่อาศัยผู้มีรายได้น้อย : กรณีศึกษาโครงการบ้านเอื้ออาทรรังสิตคลองสาม / ธานินทร์ เมฆินทรางกูร = Usage of outdoor space in low income residential community : the case study of Baan Eur Ah-Torn project, Rangsit Klong Sam / Thanintr Mekintharanggur
The Purpose of the present research was to study outdoor space usage behavior of the residents in Baan Eur Ah -Torn, Rangsit Klong Sam community, and to propose outdoor space design guidelines for other Baan Eur Ah-Torn projects which are based on the same design, including low-income residential communities with similar features and characteristics. Data collection was undertaken by using questionnaires and interviewing selected samples of population in Rom Klao community, phase 2, section 3, as well as interviewing with specialists. The results of the study and design proposal conclusions are as following: the use of streets and footpaths in the community has versatile aspects. Streets and walkways are not only for passing and moving around, but also for occupational and recreational use. This leads to an increase in interaction among the residents in the community as well. Nevertheless, street and walkway employment for occupational use, car parking and lack of shadiness are significant problems found inthe community. Designation of house which is desired to be a store attached to the playground, sports area and public space in the community and extension of the outdoor space area to accommodate occupational use may help decrease problems resulting from occupational activities. Cul-de-sac, a gathering territory for the community members, is substantial outdoor space. It is a playground for children and deserves optimal management for safety use. In addition, appropriate location of houses in each plot should allow adequate outdoor space to be used as a multi-purpose area for occupational, recreational and parking purposes. The sizes of the playground, sports area and outdoor public space in the community are satisfactory; however, the user number is limited to specific time of day. Mostly, evenings are busy periods and users walk to the playground, sports area and outdoor public space. Shades of trees and a sufficient number of benches are facilities required by the community members. The volume of outdoorspace of a house does not meet the expectations of the residents. A garage, a yard and a turf area are needed on the outdoor space around a house. Most residents use such outdoor space for recreation and occupational purposes. Cleanliness, neatness and shadiness are desirable for people in the community. Being low-income groups does not entail satisfaction with messiness, disorderliness and lack of shadiness. As a result of the current research and analysis, it was found that good administration and management are necessary to complement the favorable physical outdoor space design. As such, a well-proportioned integration of physical design, administration and management will prove satisfactory for those involved, leading to a sustainable community.